Classics and the Bible: hospitality and recognition
Classics and the Bible looks at story-patterns and themes which Greek and Latin literature shares with the Hebrew scriptures and the New Testament. Direct influence or a common source can explain some similarities, but uncannily parallel plots and forms of expression seem more often to occur independently. Classical and biblical texts constantly illuminate each other. Hospitality and recognition are central themes in both traditions, and also metaphors about the relation between them. Classical and biblical authors alike tell stories which need to be read in the light of other stories. The relation between the present and the heroic past is crucial to both traditions, and both raise fundamental questions about the relation of text and reader. The first three chapters consider the subject from the classical side: Homer, the Greek tragedians and Plato, and Virgil; the fourth turns to the New Testament; and the fifth to aspects of later reception. Readers should ideally be equipped with a Bible, English translations of a few major classical authors, and an open mind.
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History Tragedy and Philosophy
Virgil Between Two Worlds
Foolishness to Greeks
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Abraham Achilles Acts Aeneas Aeneid Aeschylus Agamemnon already analogy ancient Apollo Areopagus Athens Augustus Bacchae Baucis and Philemon Bible biblical Callimachus central century Chapter character Christian church claimed classical literature comes contrast critics cult death Demeter described Dionysus disguise divine dramatic earlier echoes Emmaus epic Euripides example familiar famous father figure Genesis genre gods gospels Greek Hebrew Hellenistic hero Herodotus heroic Hesiod Homer hospitality human Hymn idea Iliad implicitly important Israel Jerusalem Jesus Jewish John Josipovici Justin killed king later literary Luke myth narrative Odyssean Odysseus Oedipus Old Testament Oresteia Orestes Ovid pagan parable parallel passage Paul Pentheus perhaps Phaeacians Plato play poem poet prophet reader reading recognition scene religion religious resembles role Roman Rome Saul seems sense shows similar Socrates Sophocles story stranger Telemachus texts theme theoxeny tion tradition tragedy tragic Trojan Troy Virgil visitors writing Zeus