Stuck in Traffic: Coping with Peak-hour Traffic Congestion (Google eBook)

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Brookings Institution Press, Jun 1, 1992 - Social Science - 210 pages
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Peak-hour traffic congestion has become a major problem in most U.S. cities. In fact, a majority of residents in metropolitan and suburban areas consider congestion their most serious local problem. As citizens have become increasingly frustrated by repeated traffic delays that cost them money and waste time, congestion has become an important factor affecting local government policies in many parts of the nation.

In this new book, Anthony Downs looks at the causes of worsening traffic congestion, especially in suburban areas, and considers the possible remedies. He analyzes the specific advantages and disadvantages of every major strategy that has been proposed to reduce congestion. In nontechnical language, he focuses on two central issues: the relationships between land-use and traffic flow in rapidly growing areas, and whether local policies can effectively reduce congestion or if more regional approaches are necessary.

In rapidly growing parts of the country, congestion is worse than it was five or ten years ago. But Downs notes that the problem has apparently not yet become bad enough to stimulate effective responses. Neither government officials nor citizens seem willing to consider changing the behavior and public policies that cause congestion. To alleviate the problem, both groups must be prepared to make these fundamental changes. Selected by Choice as an Outstanding Book of 1992 Co-published with the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy

  

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Contents

Causes of Recent Increases in Traffic Congestion
7
Strategies for Reducing Congestion and Four Traffic Principles
23
Increasing Carrying Capacity
37
PeakHour Road Pricing
49
DemandSide Remedies That Focus on Behavior
61
Remedies that Increase Residential Densities
79
Changing the JobsHousing Balance
98
Concentrating Jobs in Large Clusters
112
The Need for Regional Anticongestion Policies
129
Summary and Conclusions
142
Graphic Analysis of PeakHour Road Pricing
167
Translating Gross Residential Densities into Net Residential Densities
170
A Spatial Model for Simulating Changes in Residential Density and Home and Workplace Locations
173
Clustering HighDensity Housing near Suburban Transit Stops
186
Notes
189
Index
207

Local GrowthManagement Policies
121

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Page 10 - The total number of miles traveled by all motor vehicles annually soared by 80 percent between 1980 and 2000.

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About the author (1992)

Anthony Downs is a senior fellow in the Economic Studies Program at the Brookings Institution. His specialties are housing, real estate, real estate finance, metropolitan planning, demographics, and transportation. His books include New Visions for Metropolitan America(Brookings/Lincoln Institute for Land Policy, 1994), and Still Stuck in Traffic: Coping with Peak-Hour Traffic Congestion(Brookings, 2004).

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