Chillicothe, Ohio, founded in 1796, became the capital of the Northwest Territory in 1800 and the capital of Ohio in 1803. Cheap land in the Virginia Military District drew settlers to the area in the 1790s. These early settlers came to the Chillicothe area with the idea of building a new state, and the State of Ohio constitution was signed in Chillicothe
in 1803. Chillicothe was the capital of Ohio for two separate periods of time: 1803-1810 and 1812-1816.
This visual history of Chillicothe contains over 220
historic images, including maps dating back to 1783 that illustrate land claims made by Virginia and other states. The images presented herein take the reader through the days of the Ohio and Erie Canal, the high time of the railroad, and the period when Camp Sherman, a World War I training camp, was located just north of town. Many of the buildings pictured survive and are preserved as part of
Chillicothe's downtown business district. With the exception of the presence of automobiles, many of the street scenes look almost the same today as they did in the mid-1800s. Chillicothe survives today as a city with a population of over 22,000, in the midst of many historical attractions and a major, annual outdoor drama called Tecumseh.
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The Virginia Influence
Statehood for Ohio is Born
Ohio and Erie Canal Days
Bridges and Floods
Around the Town
aqueduct Baltimore & Ohio building burned Camp Sherman Chillicothe High School Cincinnati Railroad Company constructed corner of Paint Daniel Mead East Main Street East Second Street end of town Erie Canal fire flood Fourth Street Hickory Street horsecar Hydraulic Canal land warrants located Main Street bridge Marfield Marietta & Cincinnati Mead Paper Mound City Mount Logan Mulberry Street Nathaniel Massie Norfolk & Western Ohio and Erie Ohio River old canal bed Paint and Main Paint and Second Paint Creek paper mill Papermaking photograph shows photograph taken photograph was taken Pictured popular place replaced Ross County Courthouse Ross County Historical School was built Scioto River Scioto Valley Railroad soldiers South Paint Street Street canal bridge streetcar torn tracks traction line train trestle view shows Virginia Military District Walnut Street footbridge West Fifth Street West Main West Water Street Wissler Worthington Yoctangee Park Lake Zane's Trace