The search for security in post-Taliban Afghanistan
Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2007 - History - 118 pages
By 2007, the situation in Afghanistan had reached a breaking point. Afghans were becoming increasingly disillusioned with a state-building process that had failed to deliver the peace dividend that they were promised. For many Afghans, the most noticeable change in their lives since the fall of the Taliban has been an acute deterioration in security conditions. Whether it is predatory warlords, the Taliban-led insurgency, the burgeoning narcotics trade, or general criminality, the threats to the security and stability of Afghanistan are manifold. The response to those threats, both in terms of the international military intervention and the donor-supported process to rebuild the security architecture of the Afghan state, known as security sector reform (SSR), have been largely insufficient to address the task at hand. NATO has struggled to find the troops and equipment it requires to complete its Afghan mission and the SSR process, from its outset, has been severely under-resourced and poorly directed. Compounding these problems, rampant corruption and factionalism in the Afghan government, particularly in the security institutions, have served as a major impediment to reform and a driver of insecurity. This paper charts the evolution of the security environment in Afghanistan since the fall of the Taliban, deconstructing both the causes of insecurity and the responses to them. Through this analysis, it offers some suggestions on how to overcome Afghanistan's growing security crisis.--Publisher description.
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22 June Adelphi Papers Afghan government Afghan National Army Afghanistan Compact Afghanistan Police Training Ahmed Rashid al-Qaeda ANAP ANBP Assessment of Afghanistan Bonn Agreement border Coalition combat commanders corruption counter-narcotics CSTC-A December Defence Ministry Demobilisation and Reintegration Deobandi Department of Defense deployed Disarmament donors established FATA funding Giustozzi Hekmatyar Helmand Hizb-i Islami Ibid illegal armed groups Ink Spot institutions insurgency Interagency Assessment Interior Ministry international community Interview with senior Iran ISAF Islamic Republic Italian Justice Project jihadist June Kabul Karzai launched madrassas ment mentors military militia Monitor MPRI Mullah Narcotics North Waziristan November October operations opium Pakistan Pashtun personnel political poppy prison problem provinces Provincial Reconstruction Teams PRTs recruits reform process Republic of Afghanistan salary security forces security sector September 2006 SSR process strategy Tajik Taliban target Tora Bora tribal troops UNAMA United warlords weapons