World Without End: Environmental Disaster and the Collapse of Empires
This book looks at environmental change from different periods of history to reveal its impact on societies and how they either coped successfully or failed to respond adequately to its demands. Examples discussed include the eruption of Santorini in Mycenaean Greece, the rise and fall of the Mayas, deforestation of the mediterranean in Roman times, the extinction of big game in North America, and the eruption of Thera and its impact on Minoan civilization. Later examples include sea level change, tourism in the Alps, the dessication of the Aral Sea, and the Three Gorges Dam.
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Environmental Systems and Processes
Hunters and HunterGatherers
Early Agricultural Societies
6 other sections not shown
abandonment agriculture Alpine Alps animals Aral Sea archaeologists Atlantic Britain Bronze Age caused cent cereal charcoal cities climatic change coast collapse conifers construction coppicing crop cultivation dating deforestation deposition developed disaster drought early effects eighteenth century England environment environmental change Europe evidence extinctions farmers favourable Fertile Crescent floods forests glaciers global warming grazing Greenland growth Highlands Holocene hunter-gatherers hunting Iceland impact increase irrigation island Lake District land landscape large dams layers less Little Ice Age livestock lowlands major marginal Maya Maya civilisation medieval Mediterranean megafauna Mesolithic modern Natufian natural Neolithic nineteenth century North northern occurred particular peat bogs period phase Plains plantations plants pollen population problems range recent region relatively result rivers scale Scotland Scottish sea level rise sediment settlement societies soil erosion southern species spread suggested survive temperatures tephra Thera eruption timber tion trees Tuvalu upland areas valley vegetation volcanic wetter wood