Oak Ridge is nestled in the foothills of East Tennessee, 25 miles west of Knoxville. Bordered on three sides by the Clinch River, the land first existed under other names--Elza, Robertsville, Scarboro, and Wheat--and became part of the Clinton Engineering Works later known as Oak Ridge. In 1942, 59,000 acres of land were transformed in a matter of weeks into a "secret city" that became known as the mysterious Manhattan District. As a direct result of the letter written by Albert Einstein to Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1939, the Manhattan District was created to develop new atomic weapons. Finally named Oak Ridge in 1943 and now thriving with a population of over 27,000, the town continues to be a significant center for the advancement of science and technology used throughout the world. In this pictorial history, photographs and personal descriptions guide readers on a visual journey of the construction of a city and the creation of the atomic bomb, to the post-war transformation of Oak Ridge into a major scientific community in the South.
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aerial view shows Alpha racetrack Anderson County area known BASKETBALL BASKETBALL TEAM bathroom began beta process Blair gate Blankenship athletic field boardwalk bridge bus bars calutron Cemesto houses CEMESTO TYPE Clinch River Clinton Engineer coal furnace control panels CUBICLE OPERATORS D-unit dorm dormitories east electrical ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ELM GROVE enriched uranium facilities families FLAT TOP Gamble Valley Gaseous Diffusion GIRL SCOUTS Hall Hendrix Hendrix's visions hill homes housing units hutments Kingston Demolition Range living room Manhattan Project miles month Oak Ridge High Oak Ridgers one-bedroom units prefabricated rail car recreation relocated reservation residents Ridge High School Robert Oppenheimer SCARBORO SCHOOL separation process Seven trailer camp Standing in line structure Tennessee Valley Authority THERMAL DIFFUSION three bedrooms total cost TOWNSITE SHOPPING CENTER TRAILER LIVING QUARTERS trom two-bedroom units U.S. Army Corps U.S. Treasury Department units were built uranium utility room Westcott women wooden Y-12 WORKERS