Words and Dictionaries from the British Isles in Historical Perspective
John Considine, Giovanni Iamartino
Cambridge Scholars Pub., 2007 - History - 225 pages
Words and dictionaries from the British Isles in historical perspective brings together a wide range of current work on English-language lexicography and lexicology by a team of twelve contributors working in England, continental Europe, and North America. Fredric Dolezal's opening essay offers a provocative discussion of how the history of English lexicography has been, and might in the future be, written. The next four papers deal with the medieval and early modern periods: Carter Hailey investigates the dictionary evidence for individual lexical creativity in a discussion of Chaucer and the Middle English Dictionary; Gabriele Stein shows how early modern English dictionaries handled lexicological questions rather than simply listing words and equivalents; R. W. McConchie analyzes the biographical record of the lexicographer Richard Howlet, and Paola Tornaghi presents and discusses an unpublished source for the seventeenth-century lexicography of Old English. Three papers on the long eighteenth century follow: Noel Osselton's is an analysis of the alphabet fatigue which led many early lexicographers to treat words at the end of the alphabetical sequence more tersely than words at the beginning; Elisabetta Lonati's shows the engagement of John Harris's Lexicon technicum with one of the sources of its medical vocabulary; Charlotte Brewer's discusses the under-representation of eighteenth-century material in the Oxford English Dictionary. In the last three papers, Julie Coleman provides a groundbreaking analysis of Farmer and Henley's Slang and its analogues; Peter Gilliver draws on the Oxford English Dictionary archives to tell the story of an important editorial crisis; and Laura Pinnavaia discusses the syntactic flexibility of a set of idioms in a corpus of nineteenth- and twentieth-century prose. The volume as a whole offers new discoveries and important analytical and conceptual work, and is an essential text in the developing field of the history of lexicography.
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Abcedarium alphabet Aphthae authors Ayenbite bilingual Blancardus Brewer Bullokar Cawdrey century Charlotte Brewer Chaucer cited compilers Craigie D’Ewes Dan Michael deﬁned deﬁnition difﬁcult Dugdale 29 Dugdales Saxon-Lexicon early modern early modern English edition of Volume editors eighteenth eighteenth-century English language English lexicography Errata example Farmer ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁnding ﬁrst ﬁrst citation ﬁve grammatical Harris Harris’s headwords historical dictionaries history of English history of lexicography Howlet identiﬁed idioms inﬂuence instance John John Considine John Palsgrave Johnson Latin letter lexemes lexical items lexicology lexicon Lexicon technicum linguistic London manuscript Murray noun OED’s OED2 OED3 Old English Oxford English Dictionary period phrases pleuritis printed printer Promptorium parvulorum published quotations readers record reﬂect revised edition sense signiﬁcant slang Somner’s hand sources speciﬁc Stames and Noyes Stein structure synonyms syntactic Table University Press usage labels variations vocabulary William words