Foucault on Freedom

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Cambridge University Press, Jun 16, 2005 - History - 223 pages
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Freedom and the subject were guiding themes for Michel Foucault throughout his philosophical career. In this clear and comprehensive analysis of his thought, Johanna Oksala identifies the different interpretations of freedom in his philosophy and examines three major divisions of it: the archaeological, the genealogical, and the ethical. She shows convincingly that in order to appreciate Foucault's project fully we must understand his complex relationship to phenomenology, and she discusses Foucault's treatment of the body in relation to recent feminist work on this topic.
  

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Contents

Philosophical laughter
17
An archaeology of order
19
The three epistemes
23
The birth and death of man
30
The being of language
34
The Foucaultian failure of phenomenology
40
The history of science
41
The analytic of finitude
53
The anonymous subjectivity of the body
138
The historical constitution of the body
145
Female freedom?
150
ETHICS
155
The silence of ethics
157
Ethics as practice
160
The ethical subject
161
Ethics as aesthetics
165

The anonymity of language
70
A view from nowhere
71
The subject of change
78
The freedom of language
81
BODY
91
A genealogy of the subject
93
The constitution of the subject
95
The problem of circularity
104
Anarchic bodies
110
The body of power
111
The discursive body
117
The resistance of the body
121
The anarchic body
124
Female freedom
135
Philosophy lived
169
The freedom of philosophy
175
The freedom of critical reflection
176
Freedom as ethos
182
The different meanings of freedom
188
The other
193
Ethical subject and the other
195
Subjectivity as passivity
199
The other as precondition of ethics
204
freedom as an operational concept
208
References
211
Index
220
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About the author (2005)

Johanna Oksala is a Research Fellow in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Helsinki. She has published articles on Foucault, phenomenology and feminist philosophy.