Flames in Our Forest: Disaster Or Renewal?

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Island Press, Apr 1, 2002 - Nature - 227 pages
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Shaped by fire for thousands of years, the forests of the western United States are as adapted to periodic fires as they are to the region's soils and climate. Our widespread practice of ignoring the vital role of fire is costly in both ecological and economic terms, with consequences including the decline of important fire-dependent tree and undergrowth species, increasing density and stagnation of forests, epidemics of insects and diseases, and the high potential for severe wildfires.

Flames in Our Forest explains those problems and presents viable solutions to them. It explores the underlying historical and ecological reasons for the problems associated with our attempts to exclude fire and examines how some of the benefits of natural fire can be restored Chapters consider: •the history of American perceptions and uses of fire in the forest •how forest fires burn •effects of fire on the soil, water, and air •methods for uncovering the history and effects of past fires •prescribed fire and fuel treatments for different zones in the landscape

Flames in Our Forest presents a new picture of the role of fire in maintaining forests, describes the options available for restoring the historical effects of fires, and considers the implications of not doing so. It will help readers appreciate the importance of fire in forests and gives a nontechnical overview of the scientific knowledge and tools available for sustaining western forests by mimicking and restoring the effects of natural fire regimes.

  

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Contents

A Brief History of American
11
Past Present
27
Why and How Fire Burns
37
Fire Effects in a Stand
46
Adaptations of Trees
52
Adaptations of Undergrowth Plants
58
Different Forests Different Fires
65
Mixed Fire Regime
73
Discovering Effects of Past Fires
103
Can We Adapt
119
Restoring Natures Creative Force
137
Managing Wildland Fuels
157
Will We Learn?
169
Information and Educational Resources
183
References
189
About the Authors
213

StandReplacement Fire Regime
80
Fires Influence
89

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 198 - Pages 1 1 1-1 39 in KA Kohm and JF Franklin (eds.), Creating a Forestry for the 21st Century: The Science of Ecosystem Management.

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About the author (2002)

Stephen F. Arno, now retired, was research forester with the USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station in Missoula, Montana. He is co-editor of Whitebark Pine Communities, (Island Press, 2000).

Steven Allison-Bunnell is a science writer and educational multimedia producer based in Missoula, Montana.

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