The Japanese Prime Minister and Public Policy (Google eBook)

Front Cover
University of Pittsburgh Pre, 1990 - Political Science - 368 pages
0 Reviews

Despite the undeniable importance of Japan in world affairs, both politically and economically, the office of the Japanese prime minister has recieved far less attention from scholars than have the top political offices in other advanced industrialized democracies.  This book is the first major systemic analysis of the Japanese prime minister’s role and influence in the policy process.

Kenji Hayao argues that the Japanese prime minister can play a major if not critical role in bringing about a change in policy.  In Japan the prime minister’s style is different from what is considered usual for parliamentary leaders: rather than being strong and assertive, he tends to be reactive.  How did the role develop in this way?  If he is not a major initiator of policy change, how and under what conditions can the prime minister make his impact felt?  Finally, what are the consequences of this rather weak leadership?

In answering these questions, Professor Hayao presents two case studies (educational reform and reform of the tax system) involving Nakasone Yasuhiro to see how he be became involved in the policy issues and how he affected the process.  Hayao then examines a number of broad forces that seem important in explaining the prime minister’s role in the policy process: how a leader is chosen; his relationships with other important actors in the political system - the  political parties and the subgovernments; and the structure of his “inner” staff and advisors.

  

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

The Japanese Prime MinisterReactive Leadership
3
Literature on Policy Making in Japan
6
Leadership and the Policy Process
14
Prime Ministerial Issues
19
Conclusion
26
The apanese Prime Minister in Comparative Perspective
28
Japan as a Majoritarian System
29
Longterm Trends
43
The Prime Minister and Party Politics The LDP and the Opposition
122
The LDP
123
The National Assembly
132
Conclusion
139
The Prime Minister and Subgovernments
141
Subgovernments
142
The Prime Minister and Subgovernments
150
Conclusion
155

Conclusion
44
Nakasone and Educational Reform
46
Nakasone Looks for an Issue
48
Establishing the National Council on Educational Reform
52
The National Council on Educational Reform
54
The Rinkyoshins Deliberations
56
Enactment of Proposals
62
Conclusion
65
Nakasone and Tax Reform
68
Tax Reform Reaches the Agenda
69
Shaping the Agenda
71
The LDP Tax Council Deliberations
77
The First Attempt to Pass the Tax Reform Bills
81
The Second Attempt to Pass the Tax Reform Bills
88
Tax Reform Under Takeshita and Kaifu
92
Conclusion
94
The Process of Selecting a Prime Minister
96
Becoming a Candidate for the Party Presidency
97
The Race for the Presidency of the LDP
114
Conclusion
118
The Prime Ministers Staff
157
The Inner Staff
158
The Cabinet Secretariat
168
The Management and Coordination Agency
177
Personal Advisers and Advisory Committees
180
Conclusion
182
The Prime Minister and Public Policy
184
The Size of the Prime Ministers Agenda
185
The Prime Minister and the Policy Process
186
The Prime Minister and Policy Change
194
Sustaining Resonance
198
Conclusion
200
Conclusion
202
The Perils Of Strong Leadership
203
The Prime Minister and the Iapanese Political System
205
Lists of Prime Ministerial Issues
213
Notes
259
Bibliography
319
Index
339
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

All Book Search results »

About the author (1990)

Kenji Hayao is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Boston College. 

Bibliographic information