History of Semiconductor Engineering (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 28, 2007 - Science - 387 pages
3 Reviews
performing ?rms were curtailed following the stock market decline and the subsequent economic slowdown of 2001 and 2002. The Federal Government was once the main source of the nation’s R&D funds, funding as much as 66. 7 percent of all U. S. R&D in 1964. The Federal share ?rst fell below 50 percent in 1979, and after 1987 it fell steadily, dr- ping from 46. 3 percent in that year to 25. 1 percent in 2000 (the lowest it has ever been since 1953). Adjusting for in?ation, Federal support decreased 18 percent from 1987 to 2000, although in nominal terms, Federal support grew from $58. 5 billion to $66. 4 billion during that period. Growth in industrial funding generally outpaced growth in Federal support, leading to the decline in Federal support as a proportion of the total. Fig. 2. Doctorates awarded in Engineering, Physics, and Mathematics: 1995–2002 [Source: National Science Foundation NSF 04–303 (October 2003)] Figure 1 explains the most signi?cant change in the industry which occurred in the early sixties. The industry, with pressure from Wall Street, could not ?nance long-range and risky basic research. The objective of basic research is to gain more comprehensive knowledge or understanding of the subject under study without speci?c applications in mind. Basic research advances scienti?c knowledge but does not have speci?c immediate commercial objectives. Basic research can fail and often will not bring results in a short period of time.
  

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Excellent research! Great book.

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This book certainly has a "unique account" - unique but untrue, if the part concerning me is an example. Or if the omission of major advances in linear IC's made by Precision Monolithics (which I cofounded) is an example. I'm Marv Rudin, and did not "come from Pacific Semiconductor" as the book says - never worked for that company. Also, the account is mostly false regarding why and how Dave Fullagar was transferred to the Fairchild production facility to complete development of the maximum selling op amp ever, the Fairchild ua741. Although Dave reported to him, Garth Wilson wasn't involved in it as stated by the author. I was manager of linear IC R&D and Garth was my circuit design supervisor. Dave came directly to me, showed me his circuit, described its superiority to the ua709 and LM101, and informed me that Production had a linear process that included capacitors (which he needed in order to make an IC out of the compensated amplifier circuit he had bread boarded in our R&D lab). I had hired him because I recognized his outstanding potential, and I told him I hated to lose him but getting his amplifier into production to beat Widlar and National Semi's 101 amplifier (which lacked an internal compensation capacitor), he needed to transfer to the Production facility to use their process, which wasn't available in our R&D labs. He said he was an R&D engineer and refused to transfer out of R&D and into Production. I said if he would take his new amplifier through production the production engineering process its introduction would quickly dominate the market and he'd be famous and could write his ticket as far as where he would work in future (this ultimately came true). So I went to Gordon Moore, who headed Fairchild R&D, and asked him to help me to persuade Dave to transfer to produce the circuit even if it took a raise to do it. I stuck my neck out and said if done it would certainly take the op amp lead back from the National LM101. Gordon agreed. I then took Dave to his office, where he offered him a raise (5 or 10%--I don' remember the exact amount) to leave our Palo Alto R&D facility for the Fairchild Mt. View production facility, and promised to allow him to return to R&D if he so chose. Dave agreed and the rest is history. This is the truth and totally different from author Lojek's "unique" account. If one doesn't know the facts, his account is very likely to be unique. This review is by Marv Rudin rudin@lpty.org 

Contents

Research Organization Bell Telephone Laboratories
11
Grown Junction and Diffused Transistors
41
Shockley Semiconductor Laboratories
67
Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation Subsidiary of Fairchild Camera and Instrument Company
103
Driving the Company Out of Business
155
Integrated Circuits outside Fairchild Semiconductor
175
Linear Integrated Circuits PreWidlar Era Prior to 1963
228
Robert J Widlar The Genius The Legend The Bohemian
247
National Semiconductor A New Type of Semiconductor Company
291
The MOS Transistor
317
Epilogue
375
Name Index
380
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 2 - With the advent of the transistor and the work in semiconductors generally, it seems now possible to envisage electronic equipment in a solid block with no connecting wires. The block may consist of layers of insulating, conducting, rectifying and amplifying materials, the electrical functions being connected directly by cutting out areas of the various layers".
Page 11 - Our species is the only creative species, and it has only one creative instrument, the individual mind and spirit of a man. Nothing was ever created by two men. There are no good collaborations, whether in music, in art, in poetry, in mathematics, in philosophy. Once the miracle of creation has taken place, the group can build and extend it, but the group never invents anything. The preciousness lies in the lonely mind of a man.
Page 10 - The innovator makes enemies of all those who prospered under the old order, and only lukewarm support is forthcoming from those who would prosper under the new.
Page ix - Development is systematic use of the knowledge and understanding gained from research, directed toward the production of useful materials, devices, systems, or methods, including design and development of prototypes and processes.
Page 1 - Who controls the past controls the future; who controls the present controls the past/
Page ix - The objective of basic research is to gain more comprehensive knowledge or understanding of the subject under study, without specific applications in mind. Basic research is defined as research that advances scientific knowledge but does not have specific immediate commercial objectives, although it may be in fields of present or potential commercial interest.
Page 24 - In the shape of a small metal cylinder about a half-inch long, the transistor contains no vacuum, grid, plate or glass envelope to keep the air away.

About the author (2007)

Bo Lojek received his Ph.D. in Solid State Physics from Charles University in Prague. He joined the semiconductor industry in the middle of the nineteen sixties and has been working in the industry since then. Currently, he is the Principal Engineer in Atmel Corporation and Adjunct Professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of Colorado in Colorado Springs. He holds over thirty patents, most of them on the nonvolatile memory cell.