Red Spies In America: Stolen Secrets And The Dawn Of The Cold War
When the United States established diplomatic ties with the Soviet Union in 1933, it did more than normalize relations with the new Bolshevik state--it opened the door to a parade of Russian spies. In the 1930s and 1940s, Soviet engineers and technicians, under the guise of international cooperation, reaped a rich harvest of intelligence from our industrial plants. Factory layouts, aircraft blueprints, fuel formulas--all were grist for the Soviet espionage mill. And that, as Katherine Sibley shows, was just the beginning. While most historians date the onset of the Cold War with American fears of Soviet global domination after World War II, Sibley shows that it actually began during the war itself. The uncovering of atomic espionage in 1943 in particular not only led to increased surveillance of our ostensible Russian allies but also underscored a growing distrust of the Soviet Union. Meticulously documented through exhaustive new research in American and Soviet archives, Sibley's book provides the most detailed study of Soviet military-industrial espionage to date, revealing that the United States knew much more about Soviet operations than previously acknowledged. She tells of spies like Steve Nelson and Arthur Hiskey, who passed on information about the Manhattan Project; moles within the federal government like Nathan Silvermaster; and Soviet agents like Andrei Schevchenko, who pressed defense workers to divulge high tech secrets. At the same time, hundreds of other Red agents went completely undetected. It was only through the revelations of defectors, and the postwar cracking of Soviet codes, that we began to fully understand these breaches in our national security. Sibleydescribes how our response to this wartime espionage shaped a generation of Red-baiting--triggering loyalty programs, blacklists, and the infamous HUAC hearings--and how it has clouded U.S.--Russian relations down to the present day. She also reviews recent cases--John Walker, Jr., Aldrich Ames, Robert Hanssen--that demonstrate how Russian efforts to gain American secrets continues. For Cold War-watchers and spy aficionados alike, Sibley's work spells out what we actually knew about Communist espionage and suggests how and why that knowledge should also shape our understanding of intelligence in the Age of Terrorism.
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Espionage in the 1930s
Soviet Agents and the National Emergency 193941
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Adams agency aircraft allegations American Amtorg April arrest ATC file August Bentley Bentley's bomb Brief on Fuchs Brothman Browder Bureau Chambers CINRAD Committee Communist Party COMRAP counterintelligence December Department Edgar Hoover Elizabeth Bentley employees engineer FBI file FBI report FBI's February Feklisov Fitin Fuchs file Golos Greenglass Harry Gold Haunted Wood Haynes and Klehr Hiskey Hoover HSOA regarding HSTL HUAC Ibid industrial industrial espionage investigation January July June Kheifetz Klaus Fuchs Ladd to Director material memo military Morton Sobell Moscow NARA National Nelson file NKVD noted November officials onage Ovakimian passim Red Spy Queen Russian Schecter secret Semyonov September Sobell Soviet Activities Soviet agents Soviet Atomic Espionage Soviet intelligence Soviet Union Steve Nelson subversive Summary Brief surveillance Tanenhaus Papers testimony tion told U.S. Army Un-American United Venona wartime Washington Weinstein and Vassiliev Whittaker Chambers William Perl wiretap York to Moscow