Aid: Understanding International Development Cooperation

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Zed Books, Sep 6, 2003 - Business & Economics - 350 pages
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This benchmark study by two leading authorities on international development cooperation: * Provides a comprehensive and up-to-date analysis of aid as it has evolved over the last 50 years.* Pays special attention to the new challenges facing donors and recipients since the end of the Cold War.* Reviews bilateral and multilateral agencies‘ motives, development goals and aid strategies and deals extensively with the actual delivery of aid and how donors interact with actors in developing countries.* Deals comprehensively with the role of NGOs from both the North and the South in development.* Examines the complex and problematic links between emergency relief, humanitarian assistance and long-term development co-operation.* Analyses the international debates on aid impact and how aid has worked under different conditions in developing countries.* Shows that aid has proved valuable for recipient countries in general but more so in countries with coherent development policies and strong political institutions. The authors argue that no better alternative exists to replace taxpayer-financed aid as the main mechanism for promoting greater equality between North and South and within the countries of the South. It should therefore be continued while at the same time being made more effective and efficient, and the authors present ideas to achieve this. They conclude by examining new modes of financing development and new modes of international cooperation aimed at bringing about growth and human development.This major study - replete with detailed statistical and factual information, comprehensive in scope, and penetrating in its analysis - is likely to stand as the authoritative account of international aid for many years.
  

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Contents

The logic of the presentation 1 Central themes
7
The micro level and arguments for aid to the poor20 Recipient
23
Foreign aid to institutional development3 3 Development goals
37
Constant elements and new challenges 52 Foreign aid strategies
53
Size and Distribution of Foreign Aid 5 6
56
Official Bilateral Assistance
74
Multilateral Aid
94
7 ODA from DAC countries to multilateral organizations 1996 and 1999
104
Actors in Aid Interaction
174
Popular support for foreign aid in OECD 1983 and 1995
183
Emergency Relief and Humanitarian Assistance
199
Evaluation
216
The Impact of Aid
230
Problems and Challenges of Development Cooperation
267
Corruption and political culture 273 Democratization human
281
appendix Donor Countries and Recipient Countries
317

The Role of NGOs in Development Cooperation
143

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About the author (2003)

The late Professor John Degnbol-Martinussen has had a distinguished career in Development Studies. He is currently Dean of the Graduate School of International Development Studies at Roskilde University in Denmark. He is a former Chairman of the Danish Social Science Research Council and a former President of the Danish Association for International Cooperation (Mellemfolkeligt Samvirke). He is currently Chairman of the Council for International Development Cooperation in Denmark. Over the years he has acted as a consultant to various international organizations, including UNDP and UNIDO. South and South East Asia have been his primary geographical regions of specialization.His most recent books in English include:Policies, Institutions and Industrial Development: Coping with Liberalisation and International Cooperation in India, New Delhi, Thousand Oaks and London: Sage Publications, 2001.Society, State and Market: A Guide to Competing Theories of Development, London & New York: Zed Books, 1997; second impression 1999.Changing Global and Regional Conditions for Development in the Third World (edited with Laurids S. Lauridsen), Roskilde: Graduate School of International Development Studies, 2001.External and Internal Constraints on Policy-Making: How Autonomous are the States? (edited), Roskilde: Graduate School of International Development Studies, 1999.Poul Engberg-Pedersen was Director of the Centre for Development Research, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1994-2002, and is currently with the Governance and Public Sector Reform Group of the World Bank, Washington D.C. During his career, he has worked in a variety of roles as an international civil servant (UNHCR and World Bank), a development consultant (COWI, Denmark), a researcher and manager.He has focused in particular on aid effectiveness and the political, institutional and socio-economic impact of development cooperation and humanitarian assistance. Based on work in some 25 developing countries, he has been in charge of numerous assessments of UN agencies (UNDP, UNICEF, ILO, WHO etc.), multilateral development banks (the World Bank, the African and Asian Development Banks), bilateral agencies (Danish and Norwegian aid) and the EU.Concurrently, he has been a member of various boards and councils, including the Executive Board of the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF); the Council for International Development Cooperation, Denmark; research councils in three Nordic countries, and international NGOs such as DanChurchAid and the Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims.

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