Issue:

I Sarah, b. ;m. Thomas Weekes, Jr.

II George, b. 18/8 mo. (Oct.) 1687; m. 18/1 mo. (Mar.) 1711. Roseannah Coles, of Nathaniel, Jr., and Rose (Wright) Coles.

III Richard, b. 1690; m. Susannah, dau. of John and Hannah (Townsend)

Weekes.

IV Samuel, b. 1692; m. Sarah Halstead, dau. of Joseph and Sarah < )

Halstead.

DANIEL, (3) TOWNSEND (John. ?Robert), b. Oyster Bay, ;d. 2/5

mo. (July) 1702; m. Susannah Forman, dau. of Samuel and Mariam (Hoyt) Forman, of Oyster Bay, L. I.

Issue:

I Robert, b. ;ni. Judiah (?Judith) Birdsall; dau. of Benjamin and

Mercy (Forman) Birdsall.

II Daniel, b. ;m. Mary .

HENRY (2) TOWNSEND, (prob.) son of Robert, was admitted as Townsman at Oyster Bay, Nov. 4, 1661. His first Home lot thereat was on the north side of the main street, adjoining on the east to the Home lot of Henry Disbrow, later in possession of James (1) Cock. In 1683 he had laid out to him a lot of six acres upon east side of Mill Hill upon which he built, and then gave the first homestead to his son Henry,

In 1661 he was granted a certain mill stream and adjacent lands on which to build a mill, like unto the one at Norwalk on the Main, for the maintenance of which, he and his successors were to be free of all rates and taxes (on said land and stream) forever. In 1668 he gave the three-fourths of the mill, etc., to his sons Henry and John and the remainder to his dau. Rose, wife of Joseph Dickinson, who sold it to her brothers, reserving one-fourth of the toll. Henry also gave land to his three daughters. He held sundry Town offices; assisted the widows of his brothers John and Henry in the management of their estates: was one of the overseers of the will of Capt. John Underhill, charged to see that the children be not wronged if his widow should marry again. He died between Feb. 6 and Mar. 30, 1695, and was buried on Mill Hill, where a rough stone, marked "H. T." shows his grave. He m. Providence. R. I., about 1653, Ann Coles, b. Roxbury about 1635; d. Oyster Bay after 1695; dau. of Robert and Mary (Hawxhurst) Coles, of R. I. Issue, order uncertain:

I Henry, b. — I m. Deborah Underhill.

II John, b. :m. 1st, Johanna ;m. 2d. Esther Smith,

III Rose, b. ;m. Joseph Dickinson.

IV Mary, b. ;.m. John Wright.

V Susannah, b. ;m. Aaron Forman, Jr.

VI Elizabeth, b. ;d. unm. 16/7 mo. (Sept.) 1680.

VII Robert, b. 4.3.1667; d. unm. 1687.

HENRY (3) TOWNSEND (Henry, ?Robert). b. Warwick. R. I., 1654; d. Oyster Bay ante 1703; m. ante 1686, Deborah Underhill, b. 29 9 mo. (Nov.) 1659. dau. of Capt. John and Elizabeth (Fake) Underhill. Henry appears on the Town records only in transfers of real estate; some of which was between Jericho and Westbury,

Issue, order uncertain:

I Henry, b. ;will dated 13/1 mo. (Mar.) 1709; m. Eliphal Wright,

dau. of John and Mary (Townsend) Wright, of Oyster Bay; and had issue, Henry, m. Elizabeth Titus, of Westbury; and Absalom, m. Deborah Weekes.

II Robert, b. ;lived near the Mill on Beaver Swamp River; m. Hannah

?Wright, dau. of Job and Rachel (Townsend) Wright, and had son
Henry, b. 6/12 mo. (Feb.) 1718; d. 21/1 mo. (Mar.) 1750.

iIl Elizabeth, b. ;d. 22/6 mo. (Aug.) 1723; m. Joseph Ludiam, b.

; d. 16/1 mo. (Mar.) 1698; son of William and Clemence Ludiam,

and had Clemence, m. Elder Robert Feke; ?Sarah, m. John Wright; and Charles, m. Elizabeth ?Wright.

JOHN (3) TOWNSEND (Henry, Robert), b. ?Jamalca, L. I., 1656; d. Oyster Bay between 9.3 mo. (May) 1705, and 25/9 mo. (Nov.) 1706; m. 1st, Johanna, patronymic unknown, d. 6/8 mo. (Oct.) 1680; m. 2d, Esther or Hester Smith, d. after 1749; dau. of Abraham Smith, of Hempstead, L. I. This is "John Townsend of the Mill" at Oyster Bay, a man of much importance in the Town affairs and its surveyor for nearly twenty years. Esther was a widow for over forty years, meanwhile managing the business with diverse results and some sentimental detail, as shown in the Townsend Memorial. She was a Friend, and marrying John, not a member, was visited by a Committee, endeavoring "to wing her to a sense of her condition," and to acknowledge her disorderly conduct, but she remaining impenitent and "charging it upon ye Lord" was duly disowned.

Issue, by 1st marriage:

I Hannah, b. ?1680; d. 11/6 mo. (June) 1757, aged 77; m. Samson Hawx

hurst, b. 7/11 mo. (Jan.) 1670; d. 9/9 mo. (Nov.) 1732; son of Christopher and Mary (Reddough or Reddocke) Hawxhurst. Issue by 2d marriage, order uncertain:

II Hetty (?Hester), b. ;m. Nathaniel Harcurt, Non of Benjamin and

Hannah (?Dickinson) Harcurt.

III Sarah, b. ;m. Edmond Wright, son of Edmond and Sarah (Wright)

Wright.

IV Zerviah, b. ;m. Dr. Matthew Parrish,

V Jotham. b. ;m. 1st, Martha Coles; m. 2d, Anne Mott. widow of

Daniel Kissam.

VI Micajah, b. 1699; d. 1781; m. 1st, 23/2 mo. (Apl.) 1732. Elizabeth Platt; m. 2d, 1760, Merlbah (17) Cock, widow of Joshua Townsend; m. 3d, 1763, Ann Coles, widow of George Frost.

VII Jonadab, b. ;m. 1st, Martha Carll; m. 2d, Rachel Carpenter, dau. of

Benjamin.

VIII John, b. 1703; m. 1738, Sarah Wright, dau. of William and Elizabeth (Rhodes) Wright.

IX Elizabeth, b. ;m. Michael Weekes, b. 21/8 mo. (Oct.) 1695; d. 9/1

mo. (Mar.) 1747, son of John and Mercy (Forman) Weekes.

ROSE (3) (TOWNSEND) DICKINSON (Henry, ?Robert), b. ?1658; m. Joseph Dickinson, b. 24/10 mo. (Dec.) 1654, son of Capt. John Dickinson by 2d wife, Elizabeth Howland. (See Dickinson Lineage).

MARY (3) (TOWNSEND) WRIGHT (Henry, ?Robert). b. ?1660; m. John Wright, son of Nicholas.

SUSANNAH (3) (TOWNSEND) FORMAN (Henry, ?Robert). b. ?1662; m. Aaron Forman, Jr., son of Aaron and Dorothy ( ) Forman.

Issue:

I Jacob, b. ;m. Mary Wright.

II Isaac, b. ;m. .

III Aaron, b.' ;m. Sarah Lang.

RICHARD (2) TOWNSEND, (prob.) son of Robert, m. 1 Warwick, R. I., Deliverance Coles, dau. of Robert and Mary (Hawxhurst) Coles, of same place;

m. 2d, about 1660, Mary Wickes. dau. of John and Mary ( ) Wickes, of

Warwick. R. I. John being as per Henry Waters' Gen. Gleanings, the son of Robert Wickes, of Staines, Middiesex Co., Old England. Richard d. intestate before 23/Sept., 1670, at which date Letters were granted to his widow, who with the assistance of her husband's brother Henry, and his son John Townsend of the Mill, divided the estate (See Townsend Memorial and Oyster Bay Town Records). Elizabeth m. 2d, John Smith nan of Hempstead, widower of Anne Gildersleeve, and had by him dau. Elizabeth Smith,

Issue by 1st marriage:

I Dinah, b. 1650; d. 18/10 mo. (Dec.) 1732, at 81; m. Thomas Willetts, b. 1649/50; d. 15/4 mo. (June) 1714. in 65th year; son of Richard and Mary (Washbourne) Willlts. (The spelling is as they wrote it). II Leah, b. ;m. John Williams, son of Robert and Sarah (Washbourne) Williams.

Issue by 2d marriage:

III John, b. ;d. between 1715 and 1721 in Cape May Co.. N. J.; m. 1st,

Phebe Williams, dau. of Robert and Sarah (Washbourne) Williams; m, 2d, Mercy .

IV Richard, b. 8/11 mo. (Jan.) 1670/1; d. Cedar Swamp, L. I., about 1739; m.

Ruth Marvin, b. 20/10 mo. (Dec.) 1687, dau. of John and Hannah
(Smith) Marvin, of Hempstead. (Mentioned in Settlement of estate).

V Hannah, b. .

VI Mary, b. .

VII Deliverance, b. .

Children of Thomas and Dinah (Townsend) Willetts:
I Thomas, m. 1st, Katharine Hal lock; m. 2d, Rachel Powell.
II Isaac, m. Clemence Hallock.

III Richard, m. 1st, Sarah Hallock; m. 2d, Margaret Hallock.

IV Amos. m. 1st, Mary Hallock; m. 2d, Rebecca Whitson.

V Mary, m. Thomas Powell.
VI Elizabeth, m. John Underhill.

VII Hannah, m. Samuel Underhill.
Vin ?Sarah,
IX ?Dinah,

Children of John and Leah (Townsend) Williams:
I Temperance, m. 1st, David Seaman; m. 2d, James Searing.
II Hannah, m. John Seaman.

Children of John and Phebe (Williams) Townsend:
I Richard, m. Millicent Somers.
II Robert, m. .

III Sylvanus. d. 1711.

IV Sarah, m. John Willis.

Children of Richard and Ruth (Marvin) Townsend:
I Richard, d. unm. 20/12 mo. (Dec.) 1795.
II Mary, b. 1714; m. Samuel Jackson.

III John, m. Phebe Seaman.

IV Timothy, m. Sarah Hewlett.

V Silvanus, m. Susannah Hedger.

UNDERHILL LINEAGE.

It is stated by the Historian of the Underhill Society of America, that "our ancestor John Underhill was born Oct. 7, 1597, at Bagington, Warwickshire, England, being the son of Sir John Edward Underhill and his wife Mary Moseley," but no mention is made of the baptismal record of John or any record of the date and place of nativity of his parents.

The following itinerary of Capt. John Underhill, prepared from sundry historical sources is intended to be an authentic and impartial account of his doings from his arrival in America to the date of his death September 21, 1672.

Savage's Genealogical Dictionary of Settlers in New England, says John Underhill, Boston, came in the fleet with Winthrop 1630, as Captain of any Military force that might be employed or instructed; speedily joined the church, being counted No. 57 in the list, and was sworn freeman 18 May 1630. July 26, 1630, ordered that the first Thursday in each month be general training day of Captain Underbill's Company at Boston. Sept. 28. 1630, the Court ordered that £50 be raised for Mr. Underhill and for Mr. Patrick, who was training another company, Oct. 19, 1630, John Underhill, deputy to the first General Court of Massachusetts. Nov. 7, 1632. The Court limited training days to once a month, Sept. 15, 1633. The records of the Old South Church show "Helena, wife of our brother John Underhill was admitted to the Church" and on the 25th was admitted "Margary Hinds, our brother John Underhill's maid servant."

Sept. 1, 1634, on list of Selectmen, in following order: "Jno. Winthrop, Wm. Coddington, Capt. Underhill. Thos. Oliver" and six others.

Sept. 3. 1634, with Daniel Patrick and Robert Feake appointed by the General Court, to fix upon site for a Fort on Castle Island in the Bay,

Jan. 1635/6. Capt. Underhill ordered by the Magistrates with a Shallop to bring Roger Williams from Salem to Boston, that he might be sent off to England by a ship then lying in the Harbor; he found on reaching thither that the culprit had escaped, and was then on his way to Rhode Island, doubtless on the advice of John Winthrop, who was subsequently rebuked therefor by some of the clergy,

1636, Feb. 14. Baptised, Elizabeth, dau. of brother John Underhill and Helena his wife.

Savage further remarks, "Bolton's Hist, of Westchester County, N. Y., Vol. 2, p. 229, repeats the absurd tradition about his service in Holland eighty- five years before, under the patronage of the Earl of Leicester, the favorite of Queen Elizabeth, Such ornaments belong to the work of fiction under the name of Updike Underhill by Reyal Taylor, thence probably they were derived by popular credulity,"

1636. On account of the murder of Capt. Oldham by the (supposed) Block Island Indians, Gov. Vane and the Council ordered to be sent thither ninety men, distributed to four commanders: Capt. John Underhill, Capt. Nathaniel Turner, Ensign Jessyson, and Ensign Davenport, and all under command of John Endicott Esq; with three pinnaces, two shallops and two Indians; with commission to put to death the men of Block Island but to spare the women. The men took to the woods ,and the valiant soldiers burned sundry wigwams, killed their dogs and sunk their canoes; then passed on to the mainland to reckon with the Pequots; demanding surrender of the murderers, but receiving no satisfaction, killed a score of the Indians, seized their ripe corn and burned and spoiled what they could. The immediate effect was to precipitate a formidable combination of the Indians to destroy all the English,

Roger Williams, taking advantage of the hereditary enmity of the Narragansetts toward the Pequots. succeeded in getting them to send an embassy to Boston and making a treaty of alliance with the English, thus foiling Sassacus in his plan of destruction. But for the weakness of the recent settlement in the Connecticut country it probably would have failed altogether, but during the winter of 1636/7 the Connecticut towns were kept in a state of alarm until they were obliged to appeal to Massachusetts for help. Capt. John Underhill was sent with twenty men to Saybrook Fort for the double purpose of repelling certain Indian foes and possible Dutch trespassers Connecticut put into service ninety of their own men under command of John Mason, an excellent and sturdy officer who had won golden opinions from Sir Thomas Fairfax, under whom he had served in the Netherlands. Seventy friendiy Mohigans under their chief Uncas accompanied the expedition. From Saybrook Fort this little company set sail on May 20, 1637, and landed near Point Judith on a brilliant moonlight night, where they were reinforced by four hundred Narragansetts and Nyantics. The force with which Mason and Underhill advanced to the fray consisted of just seventy-seven Englishmen. Their task was to assault and carry an entrenched fort or walled village containing seven hundred Pequots. The fort was a circle of two or three acres in area girdied by palisades of sturdy sapling-trunks, set firm and deep in the ground, the narrow interstices between them serving as loopholes wherefrom to reconnoitre any one passing by and to shoot at assailants. At opposite sides of this stronghold were two openings barely large enough to let any one go through, Within this enclosure were the crowded wigwams. The attack was skillfully managed and was a complete surprise. The Indian allies slunk behind, fearing the attack would be a failure, but Capt. Mason with sixteen men occupied the northeast (windward) entrance, while Underhill was to make sure of the other, but the Pequots mostly remained in the wigwams. Capt. Mason set fire to the one nearest, which rapidly spread to the others forcing the Indians to make their escape by the doors or entrances where they were ruthlessly shot down by the soldiers or tomahawked by their Indian allies. Of the seven hundred Pequots in the stronghold but five escaped alive, and of the English there were but two killed and sixteen wounded. The foregoing is partly from John Fiske's "Beginnings of New England," and partly from the "Brief History of the Pequot War," published in Boston in 1736, the following extract from which Is given in Barber's Hist. Coll. Connecticut, p. 312, and is Captain John Mason's account of the engagement.

"What I have formerly said is according to my own knowledge, there being sufficient living testimony to every particular. But in reference to Capt. Underhill and his parties acting in this assault, I can only intimate as we are informed by some of themselves immediately after the fight, that they marched up to the entrance on the southwest side; there they made some pause; a valiant, resolute gentleman, one Mr. Hedge, stepping towards the gate saying, "If we may not enter, wherefore came we here?" and immediately endeavored to enter; but was opposed by a sturdy Indian, which did impede his entrance; but the Indian being slain by himself and Sergeant Davis, Mr. Hedge entered the fort with some others; but the fort being on fire, the smoke and flames were so violent that they were constrained to desert the fort."

The following is Capt. John Underhill's "apologetic" being an extract from his book, "Newes from America," published in England 1638, p. 38. "Worthy Reader, let mee intreate you to have a more Charitable opinion of me (though unworthy to be better thought of) than is reported in the other Booke; you may remember there is a passage unjustly laid upon thee, that when wee should come to the entrance, I should put forth this question; shall wee enter? others should answer again, What came we hither for else? It is well known to many, it was never my practice in time of my command, when we were in garrison much to consult with a private soldier or aske his advise in point of Warre, much less in a matter of so great moment as that was, which experience had often taught mee was not a time to put forth such a question, and therefore pardon him that hath given the wrong information: having our swords in our right hand our Carbins or Muskets in our left hand, we approached the Fort. . . . Capt. Mason and myself entering into the Wigwams, hee was shot, and received many Arrows against his head-peece, God preserved him from any wounds; my selfe received a shotte in the left hippe, through a sufficient Buste coate, that if I had not been Bupplyed with such a garment, the Arrow would have pierced through me: another I received betweene necke and shoulders, hanging in the linnen of my Head-peece."

John Fiske states that among the persons who had followed Mr. Cotton from Lincolnshire, was Mrs. Anne Hutchinson, a very bright and capable woman, if somewhat impulsive and indiscreet. She had brought over with her, says Winthrop, "two dangerous errors; first, that the person of the Holy Ghost dwells in a justified person; second, that no sanctlfication can help to evidence to us, our justification." Aside from his doctrinal antagonism. Winthrop speaks of her "sober and profitable carriage" and says that she was "very helpful in time of childbirth and other occasions of bodily infirmities," but she fostered an innovation. in that she ventured to open a little meeting for women wherein she persuaded them to the intimate religious life of which she was an advocate. She won over her old minister, Mr. Cotton, the stout soldier Capt. Underhill. and the young Governor Vane, but dividing Boston into hostile (theological) camps. In the spring of 1637 Winthrop was again elected Governor and Vane returned to England in August, soon after which Mrs. Hutchinson and her friends were ordered to leave the colony, Among those who had petitioned against the removal of the Rev. John Wheelwright, nominally for sedition, the Court called Capt. Underbill and some five or six more of the principal ones whose hands were to the said petition; and because they stood to justify it they were disfranchised and such as had public places were put from them.

Savage's Notes on Winthrop's Journal relates. "Underhill excused himself like a soldier, but in vain." He insisted much, says Wilde, upon the liberty which all States do allow to Military officers, for free speech, and that himself had spoken sometimes as freely to Count Nassau. In 1638. at this Court also, Capt. Underhill (being about to remove with Mr. Wheelwright) petitioned for three hundred acres of land promised formerly; by occasion whereof he was questioned about some speeches he had used lately regarding the Church, and here follows in the journal of the Court, several pages of accusation, recrimination and confession, too unclean to print.

The Captain went to Plscataqua (New Hampshire) and was made Governor

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