Treatment Effects of the Bionator and High-pull Facebow Combination Followed by Fixed Appliances in Patients with Increased Vertical Dimension: A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment ... for the Degree of Master of Science in Orthodontics ...
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REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE 4 31
PATIENTS AND METHODS 32 49
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Angle Orthod Baccetti Bionator and high-pull Burkhardt central incisor Cephalometric linear measurements Cephalometric Measures clinical co-workers composite tracings Condylion control group Craniofacial Growth Series dental dentition dentoalveolar effects face height facial height fixed appliances Frankfort horizontal functional occlusal plane Gnathion Gonial Angle Gonion high-pull facebow hyperdivergent facial pattern Interincisal angle lateral cephalogram linear distance lower incisor lower lip malocclusion mandible mandibular central incisor mandibular first molar mandibular growth mandibular plane angle masseter muscle maxilla maxillary central incisor maxillary first molar Maxillary/Mandibular McNamara and Brudon Mean SD menton midsagittal plane millimeters Molar relationship muscles nasal spine Nasion perp Nasolabial angle open bite open-bite Orthod Dentofacial Orthop orthodontic treatment Overbite Overjet palatal plane Pog to Nasion pogonion posterior dentoalveolar premolar rotation sagittal sella Sella-Nasion significantly soft tissue Superimposition of composite therapy treated group University of Michigan untreated controls upper lip vertical development vertical growth vertical skeletal