Biological Warfare and Disarmament: New Problems/new Perspectives

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Susan Wright
Rowman & Littlefield, Jan 1, 2002 - Political Science - 458 pages
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Biological Warfare and Disarmament takes an original look at the problem of biological warfare and the challenge of achieving biological disarmament. Approaches to the issue have been overwhelmingly dominated by a Western and particularly U.S. perspective that reduces the question to the spread of these weapons among non-Western countries and non-state actors. Since the September 11 terrorist attacks, this position has hardened, giving rise to a strongly polarized discourse that embraces nuclear weapons as the ultimate key to security. In view of this increasing polarization and the reliance of the United States on military power as the basis for security, it is vital to reassess Western policies on biological warfare and to seek alternatives that support international cooperation in reaffirming the norm of biological disarmament. This volume brings together a group of distinguished authors with a broad diversity of geographical and professional backgrounds to take up this challenge. The book emphasizes placing post-Cold War concerns about biological warfare in context: the legacy of the vast biological weapons program pursued by the Soviet Union; the Middle East as a crucible of conflict over which looms weapons of mass destruction; the dramatic expansion of U.S. biological defense activities; and the new threat of asymmetrical warfare, including bioterrorism. Highlighting the importance of understanding often-marginalized non-Western perspectives, the book proposes fresh approaches and concrete proposals to overcome one of the most intractable security problems of the twenty-first century. Contributions by: Stephen Black, P. R. Chari, Avner Cohen, Giri Deshingka, Biswajit Dhar, Laura Drake, Richard Falk, Laura Reed, Anthony Rimmington, Amin Saikal, Seth Shulman, Victor W. Sidel, Oliver Thranert, David A. Wallace, Susan Wright, and Zou Yunhua."
  

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Contents

Introduction In Search of a New Paradigm of Biological Disarmament
3
The Challenges of Biological Weaponry A TwentyFirstCentury Assessment
25
THE ROLES OF PAST AND PRESENT SUPERPOWERS
55
A Perilous Path to Security? Weighing US Biodefense against Qualitative Proliferation
57
Defense against Biological Weapons Can Immunization and Secondary Prevention Succeed?
77
The Soviet Unions Offensive Program The Implications for Contemporary Arms Control
103
MIDDLE EASTERN AND ASIAN PERSPECTIVES
149
The Middle East Integrated Regional Approaches to Arms Control and Disarmament
151
UNSCOM and the Iraqi Biological Weapons Program Technical Success Political Failure
285
THE BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION
311
Geopolitical Origins
313
The Compliance Protocol and the Three Depository Powers
343
Secrecy in the Biotechnology Industry Implications for the Biological Weapons Convention
369
The Global Patent Regime Implementing Article X
391
CONCLUSION
411
Rethinking Biological Disarmament
413

Israel Reconstructing a Black Box
181
China Balancing Disarmament and Development
213
India Straddling East and West
239
DISARMING IRAQ
263
The Coercive Disarmament of Iraq
265
Proposals for the Future Strengthening Global Commitments to Biological Disarmament
441
Index
447
About the Contributors
456
Copyright

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About the author (2002)

Susan Wright, a historian of science at the University of Michigan, is research scientist in the University's Institute for Research on Women and Gender.

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