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Ammonites band beds Boulder Clay called Carboniferous chalk cliffs coal coal-field Coal-measures coal-seams coast containing coprolites corals Crag denudation deposits Devonian district division east eastwards England Eocene escarpment exposed fault feet in thickness feet thick flint Forest formation fossils Gault Geol Geological Survey geologists glacial granite gravel Greensand grey hard Hill igneous inches iron Journ Keuper Kimmeridge Kimmeridge Clay land layers Lias lime London Clay Lower maps marls mass Messrs miles Millstone Grit Mountain Limestone Museum nodules north-east north-west Northampton Sand northwards numerous occur Old Red Sandstone Oolite outcrop Oxford Clay pebbles Permian Prof Professor quarried Reading Beds red marl river round sand sandy seams sections seen shales shells Silurian Silurian rocks slates south-east south-west southwards species stone strata surface thin tons total thickness traced Triassic Upper valley Wales Whitaker Yorkshire
Page 192 - ... man. The day's work over, the men had laid down each his tool, ready for the next day's work ; meanwhile the roof had fallen in, and the picks had never been recovered.
Page 311 - There rolls the deep where grew the tree. O earth, what changes hast thou seen! There where the long street roars, hath been The stillness of the central sea. The hills are shadows, and they flow From form to form, and nothing stands ; They melt like mist, the solid lands, Like clouds they shape themselves and go. But in my spirit will I dwell, And dream my dream, and hold it true ; For tho' my lips may breathe adieu, I cannot think the thing farewell.
Page 106 - German geologists, streichen signifying to extend, to have a certain direction. Dip and strike may be aptly illustrated by a row of houses running east and west, the long ridge of the roof representing the strike of the stratum of slates, which dip on one side to the north, and on the other to the south.
Page xiii - By a fossil is meant any body, or the traces of the existence of any body, whether animal or vegetable, which has been buried in the earth by natural causes.
Page 288 - ... down and spread over the Lower soft Chalk. The unequal denudation of the hard and soft Chalk forms a striking feature in this part of the country, especially when viewed from the west and north-west. The hard Chalk rising abruptly out of the high and broad plateau of the soft Chalk, the bare grassy sides and tops of the former contrast strongly with the cultivated plains of the latter. And while the plateau of the Lower Chalk rises and falls in gentle undulations, interspersed with small streams,...
Page 118 - In no other tract of the world visited by me have I seen such a mass of red rocks (estimated at a thickness of not less than 10,000 feet) so clearly intercalated between the Silurian and the Carboniferous strata.
Page 167 - Sowerbyi), local depression took place within an area having a diameter of something like 90 miles, the amount of depression being greatest within its centre. As a consequence of this local depression there was slowly accumulated, by the growth of coral reefs, and the action of marine currents sweeping small shells and their fragments along the sea-bottom, a mass of calcareous strata, presenting many variations in its local characters, and constituting...
Page 167 - Church, built of an oolite from the neighbouring quarry, is in excellent condition, whilst the Abbey Church of Bath, constructed of the oolite in the vicinity of that city, has suffered much from decomposition ; as is also the case with the cathedral, and the churches of St.
Page 192 - Between the picks was the skull of a bird, but none of the other bones. These two picks, as was the case with many of those found elsewhere, had upon them an incrustation of chalk, the surface of which bore the impression of the workmen's fingers, the print of the skin being most apparent. This...
Page 191 - ... referred to upon our eastern coast. The period was probably within some few years after the Norman conquest, since shipping, it is acknowledged, came up to Norwich as late as the year 1078. Woodward, in the tract already quoted, says : " Since the Conquest the villages of Shipden, " Keswick, Clare, Wimpwell, Eccles, and Ness, or the " greater part of them, have been washed away. " The remains of Eccles church are still to be seen " buried, as it were, within the Marram hills.