Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A Guide to the Use of the International Phonetic Alphabet
Cambridge University Press, Jun 28, 1999 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 204 pages
This book is a comprehensive guide to the International Phonetic Alphabet, whose aim is to provide a universally agreed system of notation for the sounds of languages, and which has been widely used for over a century. The Handbook presents the basics of phonetic analysis so that the principles underlying the Alphabet can be readily understood, and gives examples of the use of each of the phonetic symbols. The application of the Alphabet is then demonstrated in nearly 30 'Illustrations' - concise analyses of the sound systems of a range of languages, each of them accompanied by a phonetic transcription of a passage of speech. The Handbook also includes the 'Extensions' to the Alphabet, covering speech sounds beyond the sound-systems of languages, and a listing of the internationally agreed computer codings for phonetic symbols. It is an essential reference work for all those involved in the analysis of speech.
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What is the International Phonetic Alphabet?
21 Linguistically relevant information in speech
23 The consonantvowel distinction
25 Nonpulmonic consonants
29 Other symbols
Guide to IPA notation
32 Languages used for exemplification
The phonemic principle
Broad and narrow transcriptions
IPA transcriptions for a language
Working with the IPA
75 The IPA and braille
Some problematic issues
92 Aligning transcriptions and speech
93 Transcribing the speaker or the hearer?
The IPA and phonological theory
Illustrations of the IPA
The Principles of the International Phonetic Association
Computer coding of IPA symbols
Extensions to the IPA
About the International Phonetic Association
Statutes and Bylaws
How to find out more about the Association
accent Affricate allophones alveolar lateral alveolar Palatal Velar aspirated back rounded vowel Catalan central vowel Close-mid Consonants Bilabial Labio contrast Conventions Dental Alveolar Post dental or alveolar devoiced diacritic dialects diphthongs distinctive English Fricative f geminate glottal stop Hausa Hooktop ICPLA Igbo implosive International Phonetic Alphabet International Phonetic Association intonation IPA Chart IPA Number IPA symbols IPA usage labial-velar Labialized labiodental language Lateral Approximant Linguistics Lower-case nasal Nasal release notation occur Open-mid Orthographic version pharyngeal phonetic description phonetic symbols phonetic transcription phonological pitch place of articulation position postalveolar pronounced pronunciation realized recorded passage represented Retracted Retracted Tongue Root rounded vowel segments short vowels sounds speakers speech spoken Standard stressed syllable Subscript Superscript suprasegmental tone letter Tongue Root transcribed Transcription of recorded trill unstressed Upper-case uvular variety velar plosive vocal tract Voiced bilabial Voiced dental Voiced labial-velar approximant Voiced velar Voiceless postalveolar fricative word word-final