Gardens of Empire: Botanical Institutions of the Victorian British Empire
In 1880 the director of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew described a botanic garden as a garden in which a vast assemblage of plants from every accessible part of the Earth's surface is systematically cultivated. By then botanic gardens had existed in Europe for over three and a quarter centuries, had established themselves as an acceptable part of the urban environment, and become the recipients of a flood of vegetation from overseas. By the time of Queen Victoria's death in 1901, botanic gardens were an integral part of empire and four of the greatest of them - those at Calcutta, Pamplemousse on Mauritius, Peradeniya on Ceylon and Trinidad - carried the prefix Royal Botanic Gardens. This book is a thematic history of the imperial network of these gardens which had its informal centre at Kew.
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The growth of the empires gardens
The botanic stations experiment
The running of the imperial network
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acres Adelaide botanic gardens Agri-Horticultural Society agricultural appointed Australia botanic station botanical department botanical enterprise botanical institutions Brisbane botanic gardens Britain British Guiana Calcutta botanic gardens Cape Town Ceylon Chronicle cinchona coffee collection colonial botanic gardens colonial curators Colonial Office conservatory crop director of Kew distributed Durban botanic gardens early East India Company economics established Fiji flora forest Gazette governor Grenada herbaria herbarium Hong Kong botanic horticultural imperial botanic gardens Indian botanic gardens indigenous island Jamaica John Journal Kew Bulletin Kew's Kirstenbosch Kong botanic gardens labour Lagos later London Mauritius McCracken Melbourne Melbourne botanic gardens Mueller museum Natal nineteenth century Oodeypore Ootacamund palm Pamplemousses Peradeniya plant hunters plantation Royal Botanic Gardens Saharanpur scientific seed settler Singapore botanic gardens Sir William Hooker South specimens St Helena St Lucia St Vincent botanic superintendent Sydney botanic gardens Thiselton Dyer trees Trinidad botanic gardens tropical Victorian wardian Wellington West Africa West Indies