The Origins of Parliamentarism: A Study of Sandys' Motion
In this study, author Tapani Turkka offers a discussion of the origins of parliamentarism in the context of early 18th century Britain. This is accomplished through the author's personal interpretation of John Locke's political thought in the Second Treatise. In this interpretation, the exercise of state power is not political by nature but must be separately constituted as such. According to Dr. Turkka, Locke finds this possible with his contemporaries and succeeding generations of men. It is argued that this took place without a precedent during Sir Robert Walpole's long ascendancy (1721-1742) and due to his innovative policies. Samuel Sandys' motion in 1741 to remove Walpole from his office as Prime Minister embodies in compact form the problems involved in the use of state power constituted as political. As such, the book allows a concentrated study of the origins of parliamentarism.
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The Glorious Revolution
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According Act of Settlement Age of Liberty Ashcraft aspect aspirations Bank of England Bolingbroke Britain comprised conception consent consequence constitution of political construal context Cruickshanks 1987 Dickinson Dunn eighteenth century emerges England entailed envisaged established example exercise of power fact foregoing foreign policy formation Glorious Revolution History and Proceedings history of parliamentarism House of Commons ibid implementation involved Kluxen Koselleck Kramnick Langford Laslett law of nature Locke writes Locke's doctrine longue duree Lord Hervey manifest matter means meant membership men's ministers mode monarch Montesquieu motion nonetheless objective opposition parliamentary system party period-specific Persian Letters perspective Plumb Pocock political power position possible power as political practice precisely prime-minister problematique question realisation reason relationship respect Roberts Sandys Second Treatise seen significance situation Skinner society sphere standpoint Tessin's tion Tory Treaty of Hanover Walpole Walpole's Whig