Turkey, Russia, the Black Sea, and Circassia (Google eBook)

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George Routledge & Company, 1855 - Balkan Peninsula - 412 pages
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Page 315 - ... confined to the harem, nor are they altogether obliged to conceal their features with the veil from the observation of the stranger, that article of dress being worn more as a shelter from the sun, when taking the air, and, in-doors, as a graceful form of headdress. The wives of my host were habited in a species of white garment, made from camel or goat's hair, which enveloped the whole form. To this was added a muslin veil; and you cannot think how picturesque was the effect when viewed from...
Page 226 - ... political parties in Poland, the old Patriotic and National party, and the new Labour or Socialist party ; but both are equally opposed to Eussian domination. Only amongst the peasantry could the Russian Government look for support, and now these are allying themselves to one of the anti-Russian parties. Although more than a quarter of a century has elapsed since the last revolutionary outbreak in Poland, the Poles are still hoping for independence, and the revolutionists are relying now upon...
Page 339 - Caucasus, who was sent out many years before the war (Russia's war with Circassia, which lasted for 55 years) commenced with presents to the chieftians of the Caucasus, but really with the intention of ascertaining the truth of the reports respecting the existence of gold in the mountains, in his report to the government, says that he discovered, on the south side of the territory of the Suoni, the galleries and shafts whence the ancients, in all probability, were accustomed to get their wonderful...
Page 339 - ... concluded that the mountaineers, dreading the inroads of foreign invaders, destroyed every vestige of them. That gold exists in that part of the Caucasus, there can be no doubt, as this metal is found in the Ingour and all its tributary streams that have their source in the alpine region of Elbruz. It is also worthy of remark, that shortly after the report of Reineggs, the Russians commenced their aggressive war in the Caucasus, no doubt partly stimulated by the hope of obtaining possession of...
Page 373 - ... goitre, nor the usual curse of alpine districts the deformed cretin. The mountaineers of the Caucasus are perhaps the most original people existing, still preserving many of the customs that distinguished the patriarch of old. In strict accordance with the command of Moses to the Israelites, the husbandman never fails to leave a little uncut corn, for the purpose of feeding the fowls of the air. Their manner of threshing is also still the same as that of the earliest inhabitants of the earth....
Page 266 - Czar of Muscovy. In tracing the history of the Khans of KrirnTartary, we find that, in their relation with the Turkish government, they were considered more as allies than tributaries : among the most distinguished, we may number Hadji, Selim, Guerai, who subdued, in a single campaign, the united armies of Austria, Poland, and Russia; saved the holy standard of the Prophet; and established on a firm basis the Mahometan power, which had been previously on the decline. This great man, whom his biographers...
Page 379 - ... multitude to contend with unflinching zeal and perseverance against the enemy they are about to encounter. Then addressing the oak, he says, ' Sacred tree, thou hast witnessed from time immemorial the performance of this ceremony by our fathers : they have conquered. May their blessed spirits hover over us their children, and guide our swords to victory.
Page 299 - Nature alone could form. The mountains were covered with verdure from the water's edge to the highest peak, and whether the eye wandered along the shore, up the bosomy hills, or through the fertile valleys, numerous flocks of snowwhite sheep were seen quietly grazing, mingled with herds of buffaloes, superb oxen, and jet-black goats, with their long, slender limbs. Nor must we forget the...
Page 12 - ... visible remnant of the Ottoman occupation, as the mosques had been pulled down.29 But a few decades later, in the town on the banks of the Danube which was once 'composed in great part of mere huts, without lamps, pavement, or any other of the comforts of civilized life,' a visitor could see 'a range of buildings, which would be admired for the beauty of their architecture even in the meridian of London, or Paris.'30 The only mementoes of Ottoman prowess to be seen in the mid-nineteenth century...
Page 344 - ... the Russians. The conquest was made possible only by the fact that Russia had previously established a strategic basis in Georgia through its annexation. Their form of government, according to the accounts of British and other travelers who in the middle of the last century visited the Caucasus, was a "species of aristocratic republic, composed of chiefs, nobles, and clansmen, in whom rank is only recognized in their public and patriarchal capacity, as chieftains, law-givers, and elders," while...

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