Traffic Safety and Human Behavior, Volume 5620

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Elsevier, 2007 - Science - 813 pages
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The aim of the book is to present a state of the art assessment of highway safety from a ???user-centered??? perspective. The user in this case is the driver, the cyclist, and the pedestrian. The book will cover driving behavior from the motivational and information-processing perspective, and following a consideration of several models that have been proposed to describe driver behavior, different topics will cover the major research issues of the past decade. These include the impact of fatigue, aggression, personality, alcohol and other drugs, on driving behavior and crash involvement; the various approaches to accident investigation and their relation to accident causation and countermeasure development, the impact of intelligent transportation systems on driving behavior and safety (ITS), and other topics. An important aspect of the book will be to relate the findings from the applied driving/safety literature to theoretical concepts in the behavioral sciences, so that the presentation will be more coherent and make more sense. A tentative Table of contents is attached.
*Includes most recent research in the areas of driving impairments (i.e., alcohol, drugs, fatigue, and distraction) and driving style (aggressive driving)
*Covers studies about driver vision and reaction time and their implication for highway and vehicle design
*Provides updates about the two groups most highly involved in car crashes (the elderly and young novice drivers)
  

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Contents

Part A Background Methods Models
1
Part B Driver capacities and age effects
91
Part C Driving style
273
Part D Driver temporary impairments
403
Part E Other road users
613
Part F Crash Causation and Countermeasures
695
Selected Sources for Information on Highway Safety
777
Author Index
781
Subject Index
807
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