Climate ChangeImpact on Coastal Habitation
Temperature and precipitation increase and decrease because of natural causes. However, anthropogenic changes, such as an enhanced greenhouse effect, may result in alterations in the regional climate and in relative sea level. Serious changes in climate and sea level-with adverse effects particularly along low-lying coasts-would affect millions of people. Climate Change takes an in-depth, worldwide look at coastal habitation with respect to these natural and anthropogenic changes.
No universally applicable coastal model can be used to describe climatic changes. This unique book provides individual discussions of beaches and barrier islands, cliffs, deltas, tidal flats and wetlands, reefs, and atolls. The impact of climatic change on coastal ecology and agriculture is investigated, and human responses to the effects of climatic change along the world's coasts are included.
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Recorded Sea Level Variability in the Holocene and Expected
Impact of Climatic Change on Coastal Cities
accelerated ASLR atmosphere average barrier islands basin beach Bruun Rule cause century cliff climatic change coast coastal areas coastal zone coastline coral reefs dams decrease Delta deposition dune ecosystems environments eroding erosion estimate estuaries eustasy eustatic factors Figure flooding Geol Global Change global sea level greenhouse effect groundwater growth Holocene Huanghe Impacts of Climatic increase intertidal area IPCC lagoons land landward low-lying mangrove marine maximum migration Milliman Mississippi mm/year nearshore Netherlands occur ocean precipitation predicted processes progradation protection radiation rainfall Randstad rate of sea reduced regional relative sea level response result rise in sea rising sea level river discharge salinity salt marsh sand sea level changes sea level rise seagrass seaward sediment sediment discharge sediment input sediment load sediment supply shoreline soil species storm surge submergence subsidence summer surface temperature tidal flats tidal range tide transgression transport tropical urban variability variations vegetation warming water level wetlands