Hydrology: An Introduction
Water in its different forms has always been a source of wonder, curiosity and practical concern for humans everywhere. Hydrology: An Introduction presents a coherent introduction to the fundamental principles of hydrology, based on the course that Wilfried Brutsaert has taught at Cornell University for the last thirty years. Hydrologic phenomena are dealt with at spatial and temporal scales at which they occur in nature. The physics and mathematics necessary to describe these phenomena are introduced and developed, and readers will require a working knowledge of calculus and basic fluid mechanics. The book will be invaluable as a textbook for entry-level courses in hydrology directed at advanced seniors and graduate students in physical science and engineering. In addition, the book will be more broadly of interest to professional scientists and engineers in hydrology, environmental science, meteorology, agronomy, geology, climatology, oceanology, glaciology and other earth sciences.
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fluid mechanics of the lower atmosphere
fluid mechanics of free surface flow
fluid mechanics in porous materials
Infiltration and related unsaturated flows
Groundwater outflow and base flow
mechanisms and parameterization
Streamflow response at the catchment scale
Elements of frequency analysis in hydrology
Afterword a short historical sketch of theories about the water
Appendix Some useful mathematical concepts
adiabatic lapse rate application approach approximation aquifer assumed assumption atmosphere average basin boundary conditions boundary layer Boussinesq equation Bowen ratio Brutsaert calculated catchment channel coefficient constant curve Darcy's law defined density derived describe diffusion dimensionless distribution drainage energy budget estimated evaporation example experimental flood fluid follows formulation free surface groundwater heat flux horizontal hydraulic conductivity hydrograph hydrologic hydrologic cycle illustrated in Figure indicates infiltration infiltration capacity input integration kinematic wave linear mean measurements method moisture momentum observed obtained outflow rate parameterization parameters pores porous precipitation pressure probability problem radiation rain rainfall region represents result river runoff scale sensible heat shallow water equations shown in Figure slope soil profile soil water solution specific humidity storage streamflow temperature turbulent unit hydrograph unit response values variables vegetation velocity vertical water content Water Resour water table water vapor wetting wind speed