Life: The Science of Biology

Front Cover
Macmillan, Dec 5, 2003 - Science - 1121 pages
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Authoritative, thorough, and engaging, Life: The Science of Biology achieves an optimal balance of scholarship and teachability, never losing sight of either the science or the student. The first introductory text to present biological concepts through the research that revealed them, Life covers the full range of topics with an integrated experimental focus that flows naturally from the narrative. This approach helps to bring the drama of classic and cutting-edge research to the classroom--but always in the context of reinforcing core ideas and the innovative scientific thinking behind them. Students will experience biology not just as a litany of facts or a highlight reel of experiments, but as a rich, coherent discipline.
  

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Contents

CHAPTER PAGE
1
Small Molecules
15
36
17
Atoms Change Partners
25
Properties of Molecules
31
Large Molecules
35
Giant Polymers
37
WaterInsoluble Molecules
50
Proteins Acquire New Functions
516
27
520
How has Darwins theory of natural
523
The Prokaryotic Domains
524
Prokaryotes in Their Environments
531
28
533
The Archaea
539
Protists and the DawnoftheEukarya
543

4
59
The Basic Units of Life
61
Eukaryotic Cells
66
chloroplasts
77
Cellular Membranes
87
Passive Processes of Membrane Transport
94
Endocytosis and Exocytosis
100
Energy Enzymes and Metabolism
106
Transferring Energy in Cells
111
Molecular Structure Determines Enzyme Function
117
7
123
Cellular Pathways That Harvest Chemical Energy
125
Pyruvate Oxidation
131
ATP from Glucose without 02
137
Energy from the Sun
145
2
146
Electron Transport Reductions
151
9
161
What is science? By Sal Restivo
163
Part Information and Heredity 9 Chromosomes the Cell Cycle and Cell Division
164
Distributing Exact Copies of Genetic
171
A Pair of Nuclear Divisions
177
10
183
Mendel and Beyond
187
Homozygous
193
A choice of methods
195
Genes and Chromosomes
202
NonNuclear Inheritance
209
DNA and Its Role in Heredity
213
The Structure of DMA
217
EThe MeselsonStahl
221
DNA Proofreading and Repair
227
Genotype to Phenotype
233
DNA RNA and the Flow of Information
236
DNA Replication Part 1
237
13
255
The Genetics of Viruses and Prokaryotes
257
Regulation of Gene Expression in Prokaryotes
269
The lac Operon
271
Protein synthesis can be controlled by increasing promoter
273
The Eukaryotic Genome and Its Expression
279
RNA Splicing
280
The Structures of ProteinCoding Genes
285
Initiation of Transcription
291
Signal Transduction
301
Signal Transduction
307
Recombinant DNA and Biotechnology
317
Chapter Concept Matching
319
Getting New Genes into Cells
321
DNA Chip Technology
328
Applications of
330
Molecular Biology and Medicine
339
The Mutant
340
AlleleSpecific Cleavage
350
Sequencing the Genome
358
18
362
Natural Defenses against Disease
364
3
368
The Cellular Immune Response
377
19
382
Disorders of the Immune System
384
Part Three development
390
The Roles of Cytoplasmic Segregation and Induction
397
The Role of Differential Gene Expression
403
20
409
Extraembryonic Membranes
423
21
424
21
429
What are the moral issues surround
441
Part f Evolutionary Processes 22 The History of Life on Earth
442
22
443
Major Patterns in the History of Life on Earth
449
Rates of Evolutionary Change within Lineages
455
The Mechanisms of Evolution
460
23
461
Assessing the Costs of Adaptations
474
24
478
Species and Their Formation
481
Reproductive Isolating
487
25
496
Biological Classification and Evolutionary
503
Molecular and Genomic Evolution
510
26
511
Many protists contain endosymbionts
548
Stramenopiles
556
A History of Endosymbiosis
563
From Sea to Land
570
Liverworts Hornworts
574
The Surviving Nonseed Tracheophytes
583
The Evolution of Seed Plants
588
Flowering Plants
593
31
603
Recyclers Pathogens Parasites and Plant Partners
605
basidium
612
Animal Origins and the Evolution of Body Plans
619
Complete Guts and Tentacles
627
Spiral Cleavage and Wormlike
633
The Molting Animals
641
Terrestrial Descendants of Marine
647
Deuterostomate Animals
655
in vertebrates
661
What is our duty to nature? by Holmes
681
Part Q The Biology of Flowering Plants 35 The Plant Body
682
Plant Tissues and Tissue Systems
690
Many stems and roots undergo secondary growth
696
Transport in Plants
701
Transpiration and the Stomata
709
Plant Nutrition
716
Carnivorous and Heterotrophic Plants
726
Regulation of Plant Growth
729
Cytokinins Are Active from Seed
742
Reproduction in Flowering Plants
749
Vernalization and Flowering
761
Plant Responses to Environmental Challenges
765
Benefits and Losses
769
7
772
Habitats Laden with Heavy Metals
776
From Genes to Organism 408
780
Temperature and Life
786
Thermoregulation in Endotherms
792
Animal Hormones
799
Some hormones act locally 800
816
Animal Reproduction
820
The Human Reproductive System
829
Human Sexual Behavior
836
Neurons and Nervous Systems
844
Neurons Synapses and Communication
855
Sensory Systems
865
Detecting Stimuli that Distort
870
Sensory Worlds Beyond Human Experience
882
Structure and Higher Functions
885
Making Animals Move
903
muscle
910
Other Effectors
918
Gas Exchange in Animals
922
High temperatures create respiratory problems for aquatic
924
Adaptations for Respiratory Gas Exchange
925
Blood Transport of Respiratory Gases
932
Circulatory Systems
940
Nutrition Digestion and Absorption
961
Adaptations for Feeding
968
Control and Regulation of Digestion
978
Salt and Water Balance and Nitrogen Excretion
985
Tissue Fluid and Water Balance
986
Animal Behavior
1002
8
1005
Communication
1012
Human Behavior
1020
Part Q Ecology and Biogeography 53 Behavioral Ecology
1024
The Evolution of Animal Societies
1031
Population Ecology
1037
Variations in Species Ranges
1048
Communities and Ecosystems
1055
Biogeography
1069
Terrestrial Biomes
1076
Aquatic Biogeography
1088
Conservation Biology
1094
Habitat Restoration and Species Recovery
1102
Earth System Science
1107
Earths System Has Four Compartments
1108
The Sulfur Cycle
1116
Some Measurements Used in Biology
1123
Answers to SelfQuizzes
29
Index
1
E indicates an Experiment Tutorial indicates an activity that applies to an entire chapter
46
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