The Cosmographię Introductio of Martin Waldseemüller in Facsimile: Followed by The Four Voyages of Amerigo Vespucci, with Their Translation Into English, Volume 4 (Google eBook)

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United States Catholic Historical Society, 1908 - History - 151 pages
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A reproduction of the so-called editio princeps, published at St. Dié, April 25, 1507, and containing in the dedication the Grecized form of the author's name (Martinus Ilacomilus) The translation of the Cosmographię introductio is by Edward Burke; that of the Four voyages by Mario E. Cosenza.
  

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A wonderful work that explains the milestone of "new" geography in planetary science for the naming of the continents. What is to note: why do the United States government institutions resist the facts of sharing this first story of America's invention? I can only compare how the Jamestown story, per the English colonization of North America, received major recognition. Vespucci, having sailed for Spain an Portugal, made the math observation on the equator of measuring the distance between the planets to then deduct the earth's circumference. It is my experience that the bias of US "nationalism" is to simply delete any other culture from being celebrated for its achievement in science and exploration of the world geography-knowledge framework.
It is a great learning key to unlock this window and tell the story of America's first story that is rooted in humanity's understanding of cosmology.
 

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Page 66 - Inasmuch as both Europe and Asia received their names from women, I see no reason why any one should justly object to calling this part Amerige, ie, the land of Amerigo, or America, after Amerigo, its discoverer, a man of great ability.
Page 33 - If a circle be defined as a figure, such that all straight lines drawn from the center to the circumference are equal, every one can see that such a definition does not in the least explain the essence of a circle, but solely one of its properties. Though, as I have said, this is of no importance in the case of figures and other abstractions, it is of great importance in the case of physical beings and realities...
Page 66 - Italy, Greece, and Sarmatia. Europe is so called after Europa, the daughter of King Agenor. While with a girl's enthusiasm she was playing on the sea-shore accompanied by her Tyrian maidens and was gathering flowers in baskets, she is believed to have been carried off by Jupiter, who assumed the form of a snow-white bull, and after being brought over the seas to Crete seated upon his back to have given her name to the land lying opposite. Africa is bounded on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, on the...
Page 31 - says a few words" about various related subjects: " (1) Of the elements of geometry that will be helpful to a better understanding of the material sphere; (2) Of the meaning of sphere, axis, poles, etc.; (3) Of the circles of the heavens; (4) Of a certain theory, which we shall propose, of the sphere itself according to the system of degrees; (5) Of the five celestial zones, and the application of these and of the degrees of the heavens to the earth; (6) Of parallels; (7) Of the climates...
Page 66 - Augustus, was bounded on the west by the Atlantic ocean, on the north by the Rhine and the Danube, on the east by the Euphrates, and on the south by the deserts of Arabia and Africa.
Page 102 - ... along the coast. After a run of about eighty leagues we came to another tribe entirely different from the former in language and customs. We anchored the fleet and approached the shore in our small boats. Here we saw a crowd of about 4,000 persons on the beach. As soon as they realized that we were about to land, they no longer remained where they were, but fled to the woods and forests, abandoning on the shore everything which they had had with them. Leaping upon the land, we advanced along...
Page 66 - Thus the earth is now known to be divided into four parts. The first three parts are continents, while the fourth is an island, inasmuch as it is found to be surrounded on all sides by the ocean.
Page 9 - Nunc Vero et hae partes sunt latius lustratae, et alia quarta pars per Americum Vesputium (ut in sequentibus audietur) inventa est quam non video cur quis jure vetet ab Americo inventore sagacis ingenii viro Amerigen quasi Americi terram, sive Americam dicendam: cum et Europa et Asia a mulieribus sua sortita sint nomina.
Page 97 - They very rarely eat flesh, with the exception of human flesh ; and in this they are so inhuman and so savage as to outdo even the wild animals. Indeed, all the enemies whom they either kill or capture, without discriminating between the men and the women, are relished by them with such savageness that nothing more barbarous and cruel can either be seen or heard of. Time and again it fell to my lot to see them engaged in this savage and brutal practice, while they expressed their wonder that we did...
Page 57 - 33X CHAPTER VII OF CLIMATES ALTHOUGH the word climate properly means a region, it is here used to mean a part of the earth between two equidistant parallels, in which from the beginning to the end of the climate there is a difference of a half-hour in the longest day. The number of any climate, reckoned from the equator, indicates the number of halfhours by which the longest day in that climate exceeds the day that is equal to the night. There are seven of these climates, although to the south...

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