Nostratic: Sifting the Evidence

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Joseph C. Salmons, Brian D. Joseph
John Benjamins Publishing, 1998 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 292 pages
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The "Nostratic" hypothesis -- positing a common linguistic ancestor for a wide range of language families including Indo-European, Uralic, and Afro-Asiatic -- has produced one of the most enduring and often intense controversies in linguistics. Overwhelmingly, though, both supporters of the hypothesis and those who reject it have not dealt directly with one another's arguments. This volume brings together selected representatives of both sides, as well as a number of agnostic historical linguists, with the aim of examining the evidence for this particular hypothesis in the context of distant genetic relationships generally.The volume contains discussion of variants of the Nostratic hypothesis (A. Bomhard; J. Greenberg; A. Manaster-Ramer, K. Baertsch, K. Adams, & P. Michalove), the mathematics of chance in determining the relationships posited for Nostratic (R. Oswa< D. Ringe), and the evidence from particular branches posited in Nostratic (L. Campbell; C. Hodge; A. Vovin), with responses and additional discussion by E. Hamp, B. Vine, W. Baxter and B. Comrie.
  

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
SOME DRAFT PRINCIPLES FOR CLASSIFICATION
13
NOSTRATIC EURASIATIC AND INDOEUROPEAN
17
THE CONVERGENCE OFEURASIATIC AND NOSTRATIC
51
EXPLORING THE NOSTRATIC HYPOTHESIS
61
SOME FURTHER COMMENTSA RESPONSE TOEXPLORING THE NOSTRATIC HYPOTHESIS
85
A PERSONAL ASSESSMENT
107
PROBABILISTIC EVIDENCE FOR INDOURALIC
153
A PROBABILISTIC EVALUATIONOF NORTH EURASIATIC NOSTRATIC
199
RESPONSE TO OSWALT AND RINGE
217
THE IMPLICATIONS OF LISLAKH FOR NOSTRATIC
237
NOSTRATIC AND ALTAIC
257
REGULAR SOUND CORRESPONDENCESAND LONGDISTANCE GENETIC COMPARISON
271
SUBJECT INDEX
277
LANGUAGE INDEX
281
Copyright

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About the author (1998)

Brian D. Joseph is Professor of Linguistics and Kenneth E. Naylor Professor of South Slavic Linguistics at The Ohio State University. Within historical linguistics, his research focuses mainly on Indo-European languages. He has written and edited numerous books - including "Language History, Language Change, and Language Relationship" (with Hans H. Hock, 1996) and "The Synchrony and Diachrony of the Balkan Infinitive" (1983) - and has published over 160 articles. He became editor of the journal "Language" in 2002.

Richard D. Janda is Senior Lecturer and Coordinator for Undergraduate Education in the Department of Linguistics at The Ohio State University. A specialist in both Germanic and Romance linguistics, he has written widely not only on diachronic but also on synchronic issues in phonology, morphology, and morphosyntax, as well as on historical linguistics in general. His more than 70 publications focus on drawing broader implications from the application of theory to specific problems of structure, function, variation, and change in individual languages.