Groupthink or Deadlock: When Do Leaders Learn from Their Advisors?
The danger of groupthink is now standard fare in leadership training programs and a widely accepted explanation, among political scientists, for policy-making fiascoes. Efforts to avoid groupthink, however, can lead to an even more serious problemódeadlock. Groupthink or Deadlock explores these dual problems in the Eisenhower and Reagan administrations and demonstrates how both presidents were capable of learning and consequently changing their policies, sometimes dramatically, but at the same time doing so in characteristically different ways. Kowert points to the need for leaders to organize their staff in a way that fits their learning and leadership style and allows them to negotiate a path between groupthink and deadlock.
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MATCHING ADVISORS TO LEADERS
DOES LEADERSHIP REALLY MATTER?
WHAT IS LEARNING?
Who Learns and When?
LEARNING IN A CLOSED ADMINISTRATION
The International Debt Shock
The Withdrawal from Lebanon
BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICITS
A THEORY OF LEADERGROUP RELATIONS
Eisenhower and Reagan Comparing Learning Styles
THE EISENHOWER ADMINISTRATION
THE REAGAN ADMINISTRATION
LEARNING IN AN OPEN ADMINISTRATION
The Fall of Dien Bien Phu
administration's advi advice advisory groups Alaska Alaskan statehood Ambrose American Anderson April Baker balance of payments budget deficits Cabinet Cannon CFEP chapter chief of staff closed leaders Congress congressional consensus crisis critical DDE Diary Series deadlock Deaver debate defense diary entry Dien Bien Phu discussion Dulles Dwight Dwight Eisenhower economic advisors Eisen Eisenhower and Reagan Eisenhower's foreign aid Foreign Policy French George Greenstein group of advisors groupthink Hagerty hower Humphrey Ibid important Indochina international debt intervention Iran Iran-Contra affair issues Janis Journal of Personality learning style Lebanon locus of control managed McCarthy McCarthyism Meese ment military Nancy Reagan national security Nixon open leaders Operation Vulture Organizing Personality and Social Poindexter policymaking political President Reagan president's problem quoted Reagan administration Ronald Reagan secretary Sherman Adams Shultz Social Psychology Stockman tion Tower Commission Tower Commission Report Treasury United University Press Weinberger White House Whitman File York
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No preview available - 2003