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Prototype Performance and Modelprototype Relationship
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abutment analysis arch dams ASCE barrage basin Bureau of Reclamation buttress buttress dams canal cantilever cavitation channel coefficient compaction computed concrete construction crest cross section curves depth determined developed diameter discharge downstream drainage effect efficiency elevation embankment embankment dam energy Engineers equation factor factor of safety flood flow fluidway formula foundation Francis turbines friction gate gravity dam grout head loss height horizontal hydraulic hydraulic jump increase installation intake joints loss material maximum method normal operation outlet penstock percent pipe pressure principal stress prototype pump-turbines pumped storage rainfall ratio reservoir River rock fill rock-fill roller runner runoff seal sediment seepage shear strength shearing stresses shown in Fig slab slope soil specific speed spillway steel structure surface tank tests thickness tunnel turbine U.S. Army unit uplift upstream face usually valve velocity head vertical water hammer wave width