Neurobiology of Exceptionality (Google eBook)
Nurture or nature? Biology or environment? Why are some people intelligent, or personable, or creative and others obtuse, or shy, or unimaginative? Although each human being is a unique mixture of positive and negative traits and behaviors, the question remains: What is the neurobiological basis for each individual’s makeup? For example, why does one person suffer from a disorder (e.g., ADHD, autism, mental retardation) and another lives free of maladies? These are just some of the issues addressed in detail in Neurobiology of Exceptionality. The introductory chapter provides a broad-based overview of current neurobiological techniques (i.e., terms, procedures, and technologies), which are followed by chapters that offer in-depth examination of the neurobiological bases for: • Impulsive sensation seeking • Creativity • Intelligence • Antisociality • Autism, mental retardation, and Down Syndrome • ADHD • Savant Syndrome This volume provides a one-stop source for clinical psychologists and other allied mental health professionals to access information on a wide range of research on the neurobiology of psychological and psychiatric traits. It is designed to give readers an overview of the current knowledge base of the biological processes for each trait. It is unlikely that any one book could cover all human traits, but the Neurobiology of Exceptionality addresses a wide range of exceptional psychological traits and psychiatric disorders.
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NEUROBIOLOGY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAITS
The Neurobiology of Impulsive Sensation Seeking GeneticsBrain PhysiologyBiochemistryand Neurology
Neurobiology of Creativity
Neurobiology of Intelligence
NEUROBIOLOGY OF ABNORMAL TRAITS
ability activity ADHD subjects adolescents alpha frequency alpha power alpha rhythm antisocial areas associated auditory autism Barkley behavior Biological blood ﬂow brain imaging Castellanos caudate cerebellum cerebral Child Psychology children with ADHD Clinical cognitive computed tomography correlations cortical creative task decreased deﬁcit hyperactivity disorder deficits dopamine dopaminergic dysfunction Electroencephalography event-related event-related potentials evoked potentials ﬁeld ﬁndings fMRI frontal lobe function gene genetic glucose metabolism Haier impulsivity increased inhibition intelligence involved Klorman latency left hemisphere levels magnetic resonance imaging measures memory mental retardation methylphenidate Neurobiology Neurology neurons normal controls novelty seeking obsessive-compulsive disorder P3 amplitude parietal patients performance personality positron emission tomography posterior prefrontal cortex processing Psychiatry reduced regions relationship reported response right hemisphere sample savant scanning scores sensation seeking serotonin signiﬁcant Silberstein skills speciﬁc SSVEP stimulus structures studies suggest syndrome Tannock techniques temporal theta tomography trait verbal visual Zuckerman
Page 3 - Perception.—Enough has now been said to prove the general law of perception, which is this: that whilst part of what we perceive comes through our senses from the object before us, another part (and it may be the larger part) always comes out of our own mind.
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