Neurobiology of Exceptionality (Google eBook)

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Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 28, 2006 - Child & School Psychology - 230 pages
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Nurture or nature? Biology or environment? Why are some people intelligent, or personable, or creative and others obtuse, or shy, or unimaginative? Although each human being is a unique mixture of positive and negative traits and behaviors, the question remains: What is the neurobiological basis for each individual’s makeup? For example, why does one person suffer from a disorder (e.g., ADHD, autism, mental retardation) and another lives free of maladies? These are just some of the issues addressed in detail in Neurobiology of Exceptionality. The introductory chapter provides a broad-based overview of current neurobiological techniques (i.e., terms, procedures, and technologies), which are followed by chapters that offer in-depth examination of the neurobiological bases for: • Impulsive sensation seeking • Creativity • Intelligence • Antisociality • Autism, mental retardation, and Down Syndrome • ADHD • Savant Syndrome This volume provides a one-stop source for clinical psychologists and other allied mental health professionals to access information on a wide range of research on the neurobiology of psychological and psychiatric traits. It is designed to give readers an overview of the current knowledge base of the biological processes for each trait. It is unlikely that any one book could cover all human traits, but the Neurobiology of Exceptionality addresses a wide range of exceptional psychological traits and psychiatric disorders.
  

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Contents

Neurobiological Techniques Overview of Terms Procedures and Technologies
3
NEUROBIOLOGY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAITS
30
The Neurobiology of Impulsive Sensation Seeking GeneticsBrain PhysiologyBiochemistryand Neurology
31
Neurobiology of Creativity
53
Neurobiology of Intelligence
73
NEUROBIOLOGY OF ABNORMAL TRAITS
106
Neurobiology of Antisociality
107
Neurobiology of Autism Mental Retardation and Down Syndrome What Can We Learn about Intelligence?
125
Neurobiology of ADHD
143
Neurobiology of Savant Syndrome
198
Index
217
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Page 3 - Perception.—Enough has now been said to prove the general law of perception, which is this: that whilst part of what we perceive comes through our senses from the object before us, another part (and it may be the larger part) always comes out of our own mind.
Page 196 - Association and linkage of the dopamine transporter gene and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children: Heterogeneity owing to diagnostic subtype and severity.
Page 212 - Cohen, NJ, Ramzy, C., Hut, Z., Tomaso, H., Strupp, J., Erhard, P., Anderson, P., & Ugurbil, K. (1994). Hippocampal activation in fMRI evoked by demand for declarative memory-based bindings of multiple streams of information. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 20, 1290. Cohen, NJ, & Squire, LR (1980).

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