## Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics: An Introductory Text (Google eBook)For advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in atmospheric, oceanic, and climate science, Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics is an introductory textbook on the circulations of the atmosphere and ocean and their interaction, with an emphasis on global scales. It will give students a good grasp of what the atmosphere and oceans look like on the large-scale and why they look that way. The role of the oceans in climate and paleoclimate is also discussed. The combination of observations, theory and accompanying illustrative laboratory experiments sets this text apart by making it accessible to students with no prior training in meteorology or oceanography.* Written at a mathematical level that is appealing for undergraduates and beginning graduate students * Provides a useful educational tool through a combination of observations and laboratory demonstrations which can be viewed over the web * Contains instructions on how to reproduce the simple but informative laboratory experiments * Includes copious problems (with sample answers) to help students learn the material. |

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### Contents

1 | |

26 | |

Chapter 3 Elementary Applications of the Basic Equations | 54 |

Chapter 4 Circulation and Vorticity | 78 |

Chapter 5 The Planetary Boundary Layer | 101 |

Chapter 6 The Dynamics of Synoptic Scale Motions in Middle Latitudes | 119 |

Linear Perturbation Theory | 146 |

Chapter 8 Numerical Prediction | 173 |

Chapter 12 Tropical Motion Systems | 323 |

Appendix A Useful Constants and Parameters | 363 |

Appendix B List of Symbols | 364 |

Appendix C Vector Analysis | 368 |

Appendix D The Equivalent Potential Temperature | 371 |

Appendix E Standard Atmosphere Data | 373 |

Answers to Selected Problems | 375 |

379 | |

### Common terms and phrases

acceleration adiabatic amplitude approximation assumed atmosphere available potential energy average balance baroclinic instability baroclinic wave barotropic boundary layer component computed constant continuity equation convection Coriolis force Coriolis parameter cumulus deﬁned density derived diabatic heating disturbances divergence dynamic eddy Ekman layer equatorial ﬁeld ﬁnd ﬁnite difference ﬁrst ﬂuctuations ﬂuid ﬂux following the motion forecast friction geopotential geostrophic wind gravity waves height hydrostatic instability isobaric Kelvin waves kinetic energy mass mean zonal Meteorological momentum equation observed obtain oscillations perturbation phase speed planetary potential temperature potential vorticity pressure gradient force primitive equation proﬁle propagation rate of change region relative vorticity Rossby wave rotation Section shear shown in Fig stratosphere surface synoptic scale synoptic scale motions temperature gradient thermal wind thermodynamic energy equation tropical troposphere trough vector velocity ﬁeld vertical motion vertical velocity vorticity advection vorticity equation wave number wavelength westerly zonal mean zonal wind