Innocent Women and Children: Gender, Norms and the Protection of Civilians
This study examines the influence of gender constructs on the international regime protecting war-affected civilians. Although the codified immunity norm affords protection to all civilians, Carpenter demonstrates how in practice, belligerents, advocates and humanitarian players interpret civilian immunity so as to leave adult civilian men and older boys at grave risk in conflict zones. She argues that in order to understand the way in which laws of war are implemented and promoted in international society, we must understand how gender ideas affect and ultimately undermine the principle of civilian immunity. The case studies contained in this ground breaking study demonstrate the importance of assumptions about gender relations in shaping international politics, and develop a framework for incorporating an attention to gender into the often gender-blind scholarship on international norms. As such this book will be of interest both to international relations theorists and to human rights scholars, students and activists.
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