Bones, Boats, and Bison (Google eBook)

Front Cover
UNM Press, 1999 - History - 322 pages
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This revolutionary archeological synthesis argues an alternative model of the earliest human population of North America. E. James Dixon dispels the stereotype of big-game hunters following mammoths across the Bering Land Bridge and paints a vivid picture of marine mammal hunters, fishers, and general foragers colonizing the New World. Applying contemporary scientific methods and drawing on new archeological discoveries, he advances evidence indicating that humans first reached the Americas using water craft along the deglaciated Northwest Coast about 13,500 years ago, some 2,000 years before the first Clovis hunters. Dixon's rigorous evaluation of the oldest North American archeological sites and human remains offers well-reasoned hypotheses about the physical characteristics, lives, and relationships of the First Americans. His crisply written analysis of scientific exploration is essential reading for scholars, students, and general readers.

  

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Contents

Figure 3 8 Partially Preserved Mammoth Calf Fairbanks Creek 57 Figure 3 9 Scraper Fairbanks Creek
57
5 Figure 3 10 Caribou Tibia Flesher Old Crow Area 59 Figure 3 11 Probocidean Bone Core and Flake
59
Figure 3 12 Blue Fish Caves
61
Figure 3 13 Alan Bryan 1998
62
Figure 3 14 Excavations at Mammoth Meadow
64
Figure 3 15 ChippedStone Biface Hebior
67
Figure 3 16 Artifacts from Meadowcroft Rockshelter
68
cHaPtEr 4
98

Figure 2 3 Sequence of Sea Level Rise in the Bering Sea Area
26
Figure 2 4 The Hypothetical Interior Migration Route
32
Figure 2 5 The Hypothetical Coastal Migration Route
33
Figure 2 6 Bow Wave Model for Colonization
36
Figure 2 7 Hypothetical Sequence for Colonization
41
chapter 3
47
Figure 3 2 Pleistocene and Early Holocene Sites in Beringia
49
Figure 3 3 Chalcedony Biface Trail Creek Cave 2
53
Figure 3 5 Projectile Point and Probocidean Maxillary
54
Figure 3 6 Mummified Foot of a Mammoth Calf Fairbanks Creek
55
Figure 3 7 Gray Chert Biface Fairbanks Creek
56
chapter 5
124
chapter 6
125
Interpreting Cultural Development
149
chapter 7
172
chapter 8
208
chapter 9
222
chapter 10
224
Summary and Speculation
243
Bibliography
257
Index
313
Copyright

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References to this book

In the Wake of the Jomon
Jon Turk
Limited preview - 2005
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About the author (1999)

E. James Dixon is curator of Museum and Field Studies at the University of Colorado at Boulder.

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