Daily Life in the Roman City: Rome, Pompeii and Ostia

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Greenwood Publishing Group, Jan 1, 2004 - History - 278 pages
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Despite the fact that the majority of the inhabitants of the Roman Empire lived an agricultural existence and thus resided outside of urban centers, there is no denying the fact that the core of Roman civilization--its essential culture and politics--was based in cities. Even at the furthest boundaries of the Empire, Roman cities shared a remarkable and consistent similarity in terms of architecture, art, infrastructure, and organization which was modeled after the greatest city of all, Rome itself. In Gregory Aldrete's exhaustive account, readers will have the opportunity to peer into the inner workings of daily life in ancient Rome, to witness the full range of glory, cruelty, sophistication, and deprivation that characterized Roman cities, and will perhaps even gain new insight into the nature and history of urban existence in America today.

Included are accounts of Rome's history, infrastructure, government, and inhabitants, as well as chapters on life and death, the dangers and pleasures of urban living, entertainment, religion, the emperors, and the economy. Additional sections explore two other important Roman cities: Ostia, an industrial port town, and Pompeii, the doomed playground of the rich. This volume is ideal for high school and college students, as well as for anyone interested in examining the realities of life in ancient Rome. A chronology of the time period, maps, illustrations, a bibliography, and an index are also included.

  

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Contents

History of Ancient Rome
7
THE FOUNDATION OF ROME
9
RIVERS HILLS VALLEYS AND PLAINS
11
CITY DEVELOPMENT IN THE MONARCHICAL PERIOD
15
REPUBLICAN ERA DEVELOPMENTS
16
IMPERIAL ROME
18
POPULATION OF ROME
21
Infrastructure of Ancient Rome
25
GLADIATORS
121
THE FLAVIAN AMPHITHEATER THE COLOSSEUM
125
CHARIOT RACING AND THE CIRCUS MAXIMUS
128
BEAST HUNTS
134
SPECTACLES
136
THEATER DANCE AND PANTOMIME
138
Religion in Ancient Rome
141
PRIESTS AND RITUAL
143

IMPERIAL AQUEDUCTS
28
HOW THE WATER SYSTEM FUNCTIONED
30
ROMAN SEWERS
33
ROADS
36
BRIDGES
39
WALLS
40
Government of Ancient Rome
43
THE MAGISTRATES
44
THE VOTING ASSEMBLIES
46
BUILDINGS AND MONUMENTS
47
The People of Ancient Rome
55
WOMEN
56
MARRIAGE
58
CHILDREN
62
SLAVES
65
FREEDMEN
68
SOLDIERS
71
Living and Dying in Ancient Rome
75
APARTMENT BUILDINGS
78
HEALTH AND MEDICINE
80
BURIAL
83
FUNERARY INSCRIPTIONS
86
WILLS
91
Dangers of Life in Ancient Rome
93
FLOODS
94
SANITATION
97
DISEASE
100
CRIME AND THE LAW
103
Pleasures of Life in Ancient Rome
107
BATHS
108
FOOD AND BANQUETS
111
SEX AND SEXUALITY
113
Entertainment in Ancient Rome
119
RELIGION AND MAGIC
148
TEMPLES
150
SOME FAMOUS TEMPLES AT ROME
151
MYSTERY RELIGIONS
158
CHRISTIANITY
163
The Emperors and Ancient Rome
167
THE IMPERIAL FORA
170
VICTORY MONUMENTS
176
COLUMNS
181
EMPERORS TOMBS
184
The Economy and Ancient Rome
187
EMPLOYMENT AND COMMERCE
190
ROMAN MONEY
195
FEEDING THE CITY
196
Ostia An Industrial Port City
203
THE BUILDINGS OF OSTIA
208
THE PEOPLE OF OSTIA
213
SEA TRAVEL
215
Pompeii A Time Capsule of Roman Daily Life
219
PUBLIC BUILDINGS
222
PRIVATE HOMES
226
ECONOMY
229
DAILY LIFE
230
Conclusion Three Visions of Roman Urbanism Rome Ostia and Pompeii
235
A Brief Guide to Understanding Roman Names
239
A Brief Guide to Roman Timekeeping and the Calendar
241
A Brief Guide to Roman Clothing and Appearance
245
A Brief Guide to Roman Construction Techniques
251
The History of the City of Rome from Antiquity to Today
255
Bibliography
261
Index
270
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

GREGORY S. ALDRETE is Associate Professor of History and Humanistic Studies at the University of Wisconsin, Green Bay. He is the author of Gestures and Acclamations in Ancient Rome (1999), and editor of The Ancient World volume in The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Daily Life (Greenwood, 2004).

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