African Americans in Amarillo
Amarillo became a town in 1887 when merchants opened stores to cater to railroad workers. The first African Americans in the area were Jerry Callaway, who came to the area in 1888 with a white family, and Mathew "Bones" Hooks, a highly respected cowboy who moved to Amarillo in 1900 and later worked for the railroad. By 1908, five African American families had moved to Amarillo. The black community grew and people established churches, businesses, and schools. With the 1950s and 1960s, Amarillo citizens participated in ending segregation and bringing about equality. Today African Americans in Amarillo are still bound together by their churches but have access to many opportunities both locally and nationally. They are justifiably proud of their rich heritage.
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African American Amarillo College Amarillo United Citizens Black Historical Cultural Carter Chapel CME Carver High School Carver School Chapel AME Church Claudia Stuart Clemon Whitaker CME Church Courtesy of Amarillo Courtesy of Claudia Courtesy of Clemon Courtesy of Elisha Courtesy of Fransetta Courtesy of Helen Courtesy of Jewelle Courtesy of Johnson Courtesy of Lola Courtesy of Willetta Delta Sigma Theta Elisha Demerson fellowship Flournoy Coble Fransetta Mitchell Crow graduate Helen Neal Historical Cultural Center included Jenkins Chapel Jewelle Allen Johnny Allen Johnson Chapel AME Jones Kappa Alpha Psi left to right Lola Whitaker longtime member Lorenzo Woodberry members of Johnson Missionary Baptist Church Mount Zion Missionary Omega Psi Phi pastor of Johnson pictured Potter County president programs Rosa Parks second row served Steward Board Texas A&.M University Texas State University United Citizens Forum Usher Board West Texas A&.M Willetta Jackson youth Zeta Phi Beta Zion Missionary Baptist