The Past in Question: Modern Macedonia and the Uncertainties of Nation

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Princeton University Press, 2003 - History - 301 pages
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This book examines the relationship between national history, identity, and politics in twentieth-century Macedonia. It focuses on the reverberating power of events surrounding an armed uprising in August 1903, when a revolutionary organization challenged the forces of the Ottoman Empire by seizing control of the mountain town of Krusevo. A century later, Krusevo is part of the Republic of Macedonia and a site for yearly commemorations of 1903. In the course of the intervening hundred years, various communities have vied to establish an authoritative account of what happened in 1903--and to weave those events into a longer and wider narrative of social, cultural, and national evolution.

Keith Brown examines how Krusevo's residents, refugees, and exiles have participated--along with scholars, journalists, artists, bureaucrats, and politicians--in a conversation about their vexed past. By tracing different approaches to understanding, commemorating, and narrating the events of 1903, he shows how in this small mountain town the "magic of nationalism" by which destiny is written into particular historical events has neither failed nor wholly succeeded. Stories of heroism, self-sacrifice, and unity still rub against tales of treachery, score settling, and disaster as people come to terms with the legacies of imperialism, socialism, and nationalism. The efforts of Krusevo's successive generations to transcend a past of intercommunal violence reveal how rival claims to knowledge and truth acquire vital significance during rapid social, economic, and political change.

  

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Contents

Introduction
1
A Double Legacy Macedonias Yugoslav and Balkan Histories
22
Crowded Out by a Plethora of Facts Distance and Experience in Western Narratives of Krusevo
51
Tipping Points The Transformation of Identities in Krusevo
79
Between the Revolutions Life in Krusevo 19031944
103
Buying the Memories Collectivization the Past and National Identity
126
History Stated The Making of a Monument
153
Local Truths Rereading 1903 the Krusevo Way
181
On the Brink of a New Old World Recasting Solidarity After Yugoslavia
211
Conclusion
234
Glossary and Acronyms
251
Notes
255
Bibliography
277
Index
295
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About the author (2003)

Brown is Assistant Professor at the Thomas J. Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University.

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