Thomas Barclay (1728-1793): Consul in France, Diplomat in Barbary (Google eBook)

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Associated University Presse, 2008 - Biography & Autobiography - 407 pages
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Long overdue, this is the first-ever biography of Thomas Barclay (1728-93), the first American consul to serve the United States abroad and the first representative to successfully negotiate for America in North Africa, then known as Barbary. It is the account of an Ulster-born immigrant earning his fortune as a Philadelphia merchant and then losing it as he gives priority to his adopted country's fight to gain and build its independence. Thomas Barclay's association with Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and John Adams brings new insights into the personalities of these men and the international issues they and America faced when peace returned--among them the Barbary corsairs. Challenged by the absence of Barclay letter-books and collections of private writings, the authors traveled widely and dug deeply to tap primary source material in the U.S., Great Britain. France, Holland, Spain, Portugal, and Morocco. The Roberts are independent scholars.
  

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Contents

Prologue
23
Enterprising Immigrant
28
Political Activist
43
Help Wanted in France
56
Introduction to Americas European Affairs
74
Coping in Holland
89
Welcome Back to France
102
An Arduous Undertaking
116
Return to France
219
An Amicable Arrangement
233
President Washingtons Envoy
251
Epilogue
266
Thomas Barclay Family Chart
274
Sultan Sidi Muhammads August 27 1778 Declaration
275
Captain James Erwins Morocco Experience
278
Thomas Barclays Report on Morocco
279

Adjusting to Peace
134
Barbary Challenge
148
Official Business Takes Priority
158
Road to Morocco
172
America Morocco and Sidi Muhammad
189
Diplomat at Work
202
Abbreviations
291
Notes
294
Bibliography
359
Index
391
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