Science at EPA: Information in the Regulatory Process

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Resources for the Future, 1999 - Political Science - 433 pages
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The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency was created to protect public health and the environment, and it has traditionally emphasized its regulatory mission over its scientific mission. Yet for environmental policy to be credible with the public and policymakers, EPA's actions must have a sound basis in science. In Science at EPA, Mark Powell offers detailed case studies that map the origins, flow, and impact of scientific information in eight EPA decisions involving the agency's major statutory programs. Drawing on extensive research and interviews, he provides the most comprehensive examination available on the acquisition and use of science in environmental regulation. Powell describes the key obstacles to the practical, efficient, and effective acquisition and use of knowledge in what is a crucial, but complex endeavor. His book is an essential contribution for practitioners, scholars and students, and citizens who are determined to protect our environment rationally and effectively.
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
Acquisition and Use of Science at EPA
21
Office of Research and Development
57
The Regulatory Programs
79
An Evaluation
111
Policy Proposals
147
The 1991 LeadCopper Drinking Water Rule
155
The 1995 Decision Not To Revise the Arsenic
191
The 1993 Decision Not To Revise the National
267
The 19831984 Suspensions of Ethylene Dibromide
285
The 1989 Asbestos Ban and Phaseout Rule under
301
Control of Dioxins and Other Organochlorines from
329
Lead in Soil at Superfund Mining Sites
375
List of Interviewees and Commenters
397
List of Acronyms
409
Index
417

The 1987 Revision of the National Ambient
241

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About the author (1999)

Mark R. Powell, currently with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, is a former researcher with the Center for Risk management at Resources for the Future.

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