## Special relativity |

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### Contents

THE CONSTANT SPEED OF LIGHT l | 9 |

Changing space and time Time dilation Measuring time dilation Space | 22 |

RELATIVISTIC KINEMATICS | 36 |

Copyright | |

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### Common terms and phrases

acceleration angle apparatus atom axes causality charge components conservation consider coordinates covariant decays deﬁned deﬁnition denoted dilation discussion distance dynamics earth Einstein’s electron emitted equal equations ether experiment faster than light ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁxed force F four-vector frame of reference frequency Galilean Galilean transformation go slow gravitational ﬁeld inertial frames inﬁnite labels light cone light pulse lightlike linear Lorentz group Lorentz invariance Lorentz trans Lorentz transformation magnetic ﬁelds matrix elements measured modiﬁed moving clock moving frame moving with velocity muons neutron Newton’s laws Newtonian obtain particle moving physics pi-meson principle proton quantity reading for Chapter reﬂected relativistic representation respect rest energy rest mass result right-hand side rotation satisﬁes shown in Fig space contraction space—time diagram special relativity speed of light stationary clocks stationary frame stationary observer tachyon tensor theory time-dilation factor transformation law travelling with velocity vector velocity of light wavelength world line x-axis zero