Gender and desire: uncursing Pandora
Contradictory and provocative pathways crisscross the terrain of gender among contemporary psychologists and psychoanalysts. Clearing a path through this terrain, Polly Young-Eisendrath describes and illustrates issues of gender and desire among women and men. Young-Eisendrath introduces three world views: premodern, modern, and postmodern. Then, she calls our attention to how we shape reality and clearly explains how a lived postmodern philosophy is essential for us to understand ourselves and how we can change. Next, she discusses gender and sex differences in terms of how the former are flexible and the latter are not. The division of the human community into the two exclusive groups of male and female has important psychological implications on both conscious and unconsious levels. Most depth psychological theories of gender and sex have been androncentric, taking males as the norm for health, and have failed to develop a full understanding of desire, opposition, and idealization between the sexes. One major theme in a depth psychology of gender is that of Woman as the object of desire. The Greek myth of Pandora deftly illustrates the problem of female beauty: as the "desire-awakening maiden" Pandora is powerful but empty. The link between female beauty, power, and evil teaches us about the consequences of female appearance as a commodity to be used among men. Zeus placed the curse of Pandora on humankind, as a punishment for the theft of fire from the gods, and we are still living with the effects of this patriarchal curse. The double bind of female beauty (damned if you engage it and damned if you don't) must be lifted from the male-female relationships in this time of growingequality and reciprocity between the sexes. For women and men to reach their full potential of development as individuals and in relationships, they must break Pandora's curse and free themselves from the myth of the power of f
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Gender Contrasexuality and Self
Pandora and the Object of Desire
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adolescent adult analytical psychology anima and animus archetype aspects become Behavior believe biological boys Buddhist C. G. Jung Carol Gilligan Charles Taylor chetype child coherence concept conscious constraints constructivism contemporary critiques culture David Sadker Depression Developmental double bind ego complex embodiment ence envy experience fantasies feel female beauty feminine feminism gender differences girls Harre hermeneutics Hungry Ghosts idea idealization images individual Jacqueline Rose Jung's later Jung's theory Jungian lifespan living male and female masculine meaning metaphor midlife Myra Sadker Naomi Wolf object of desire one's opposite sex Pandora Pandora myth Pandora story parents person perspective philosophers Polly Young-Eisendrath postmodernism problem projected Psychoanalysis psychological complexes psychotherapy Rape realism reality relationship Research roles Roy Schafer Sadker and David Sex Differences Social society studies Texas A&M theory of contrasexuality tion transcendent function truth unconscious understand University Press W. V. Quine woman women York young