Encyclopedia of Disasters: Environmental Catastrophes and Human Tragedies

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2008 - Nature - 733 pages
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Provides an accessible introduction to the most important disasters - both natural and human caused - throughout human history.
  

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Contents

1 Supervolcano Toba Indonesia 74000 BC
1
2 Rome Italy fire 64
5
3 Pompeii Italy volcanic eruption 79
11
4 Alexandria Egypt tsunami 365
17
5 Antioch Syria now Antakya Turkey earthquake 526
21
6 Constantinople Byzantine Empire Black Death plague 542
26
7 Corinth Greece earthquake 856
32
8 Damghan Persia earthquake 856
34
98 Hindenburg crash 1937
347
99 Nanking massacre 1937
353
Contents
v
Credits for Illustrations
xi
100 New England hurricane 1938
359
101 Imperial Valley California earthquake 1940
364
102 Paricutin Mexico volcanic eruption 1943
366
103 San Juan Argentina earthquake 1944
371

9 Aleppo Syria earthquake 1138
38
10 Shaanxi China earthquake 1556
41
11 Arequipa Peru volcanic eruption 1600
46
12 London England Black Death plague 1665
52
13 London England fire 1666
58
14 Port Royal Jamaica earthquake 1692
63
15 Cascadia earthquake 1700
68
16 Lisbon Portugal earthquake and tsunami 1755
75
17 Massachusetts offshore earthquake 1755
81
18 Bengal India famine 1770
83
19 Connecticut earthquake 1791
88
20 New Madrid Missouri earthquakes 1811 and 1812
90
21 West Ventura California earthquake 1812
95
22 Tambora Indonesia volcanic eruption 1815
98
23 Natchez Mississippi tornado 1840
103
24 Fort Tejon California earthquake 1857
106
25 Calcutta India cyclone 1864
111
26 Kau Hawaii earthquake 1868
114
27 Chicago Illinois fire 1871
119
28 Owens Valley California earthquake 1872
122
29 Bangladesh cyclone 1876
124
30 Marshfield Missouri tornado 1880
126
31 GeorgiaSouth Carolina hurricane 1881
128
32 Haiphong Vietnam typhoon 1881
130
33 Krakatau Indonesia volcanic eruption 1883
132
34 Charleston South Carolina earthquake 1886
137
35 Yellow River China flood 1887
141
36 Johnstown Pennsylvania flood 1889
145
37 Louisville Kentucky tornado 1890
151
38 Japan earthquake 1891
153
39 Imperial Valley California earthquake 1892
155
40 GeorgiaSouth Carolina hurricane 1893
156
41 Louisiana hurricane 1893
158
42 St Louis Missouri tornado 1896
160
43 Sanriku Japan earthquake and tsunami 1896
163
44 Assam India earthquake 1897
165
45 Eureka California earthquake 1899
168
46 New Richmond Wisconsin tornado 1899
169
47 Yakutat Alaska earthquake 1899
171
48 Galveston Texas hurricane 1900
176
49 Cook Inlet Alaska earthquake 1901
181
50 Mount Pelee volcanic eruption 1902
186
51 Goliad Texas tornado 1902
192
52 Santa Maria Guatemala volcanic eruption 1902
195
53 Turtle Mountain Alberta Canada landslide 1903
197
54 Chicago Illinois fire 1903
202
55 St Petersburg Russia revolution 1905
209
56 Mongolia earthquake 1905
215
57 San Francisco California earthquake 1906
217
58 Socorro 1 New Mexico earthquake 1906
224
59 Socorro 2 New Mexico earthquake 1906
226
60 Ecuador offshore earthquake 1906
228
61 Monongah Pennsylvania explosion 1907
231
62 Amite Louisiana tornado 1908
236
63 Louisiana hurricane 1909
238
64 Oregon earthquake 1910
241
65 Titanic iceburg tragedy 1912
243
66 Katmai Alaska volcanic eruption 1912
250
67 Omaha Nebraska tornado 1913
256
68 Texas hurricane 1915
258
69 Pleasant Valley Nevada earthquake 1915
260
70 Mattoon Illinois tornado 1917
263
71 Halifax Nova Scotia Canada explosion 1917
265
72 Worldwide flu pandemic 19181919
270
73 Mona Passage Puerto Rico earthquake 1918
276
74 Vancouver Island Canada earthquake 1918
279
75 Kelud Indonesia volcanic eruption 1919
281
76 FloridaGulf of Mexico hurricane 1919
283
77 Humboldt California earthquake 1923
286
78 Kamchatka Russia earthquake 1923
288
79 Tokyo Japan earthquake 1923
291
80 Charlevoix Quebec earthquake 1925
296
81 IllinoisIndianaMissouri tornado 1925
299
82 Clarkston Valley Montana earthquake 1925
302
83 Santa Barbara California earthquake 1925
305
84 Florida hurricane 1926
307
85 Lompoc California earthquake 1927
310
86 St Francis Dam failure 1928
312
87 Lake Okeechobee hurricane 1928
316
88 Stock Market Collapse 1929
319
89 Grand Banks Nova Scotia earthquake 1929
324
90 Ukraine catastrophe 1932
326
91 Nevada earthquake 1932
331
92 Sanriku Japan earthquake 1933
333
93 Baffin Bay Canada earthquake 1933
335
94 Bihar India earthquake 1934
337
95 Quetta earthquake 1935
340
96 Labor Day hurricane 1935
343
97 Gainesville tornado 1936
345
104 Shinnston West Virginia tornado 1944
373
105 Northeast United States hurricane 1944
375
106 Cleveland Ohio gas explosion 1944
377
107 Hiroshima Japan nuclear bomb 1945
383
108 Bikini Atoll Marshall Islands nuclear tests 1946
389
109 Unimak Alaska tsunami 1946
396
110 Vancouver Island Canada earthquake 1946
399
111 Nankaido Japan earthquake 1946
402
112 Woodward Oklahoma tornado 1947
404
113 Texas City Texas explosion 1947
406
114 Puget Sound Washington earthquake 1949
412
115 Queen Charlotte Islands Canada earthquake 1949
414
116 Assam India earthquake 1950
417
117 Kern County California earthquake 1952
419
118 Kamchatka Russia earthquake 1952
422
119 London England suffocating smog 1952
425
120 Netherlands Holland flood 1953
431
121 Waco Texas tornado 1953
436
122 Flint Michigan tornado 1953
438
123 FallonStillwater Nevada earthquake 1954
441
124 Thalidomide drug tragedy 1957
444
125 Lituya Bay Alaska earthquake 1958
449
126 West Yellowstone Montana earthquake 1959
451
127 Japan typhoon 1959
456
128 Chile earthquake 1960
459
129 New York City New York midair collision 1960
464
130 Tristan da Cunha volcanic eruption 1961
470
131 Vaiont Dam Italy collapse 1963
475
132 Prince William Sound Alaska earthquake 1964
479
133 Hurricane Betsy 1965
484
134 Aberfan South Wales Britain landslide 1966
487
135 Hurricane Camille 1969
493
136 Peru earthquake 1970
497
137 Bangladesh cyclone 1970
501
138 Iraq mercury poisoning 1971
503
139 Hurricane Agnes 1972
508
140 Munich Germany terrorism 1972
510
141 Managua Nicaragua earthquake 1972
515
142 Iceland volcanic eruption 1973
518
143 Brisbane Australia flood 1974
521
144 Kalapana Hawaii earthquake 1975
525
145 Guatemala earthquake 1976
528
146 Teton Dam Idaho collapse 1976
531
147 Seveso Italy dioxin spill 1976
536
148 Tangshan China earthquake 1976
541
149 France oil spill 1978
545
150 Love Canal New York contamination 1978
549
151 Three Mile Island Pennsylvania nuclear accident 1979
554
152 Mount St Helens Washington volcanic eruption 1980
559
153 Canada sinking of oil platform 1982
565
154 Coalinga California earthquake 1983
569
155 Bhopal India gas poisoning 1984
572
156 Air terrorism 1985
577
157 Mexico earthquake 1985
582
158 Nevado del Ruiz Colombia volcanic eruption 1985
584
159 Challenger space shuttle Florida fireexplosion 1986
587
160 Chernobyl Ukraine nuclear accident 1986
591
161 Armenia earthquake 1988
596
162 Alaska oil spill 1989
598
163 Tiananmen Square China massacre 1989
604
164 Loma Prieta California earthquake 1989
608
165 Persian Gulf oil inferno 1991
611
166 Mount Pinatubo Philippines volcanic eruption 1991
615
167 Hurricane Andrew 1992
619
168 New York City New York terrorism 1993
623
169 Northridge California earthquake 1994
628
170 Rwanda genocide 1994
631
171 Kobe Japan earthquake 1995
639
172 Oklahoma City Oklahoma terrorism 1995
642
173 Srebrenica BosniaHerzegovina genocide 1995
652
174 Red River flood 1997
658
175 Hurricane Floyd 1999
661
176 Peru offshore earthquake 2001
664
177 Nine Eleven New York City New York terrorism 2001
666
178 United States anthrax terrorism 2001
672
179 Sumatra Indonesia earthquake and tsunami 2004
676
180 Northern California offshore earthquake 2005
682
181 Hurricane Katrina 2005
686
182 Pakistan earthquake 2005
696
183 Taiwan earthquake 2006
698
184 Greensburg Kansas tornado 2007
701
Appendix 1 USGS List of Worldwide Earthquakes 15002007
705
Appendix 2 US Natural Environments
716
Appendix 3 Worlds Deadliest Disasters
720
Appendix 4 Measuring Natural Disasters
723
Bibliography
727
Index
729
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