Introduction to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics: Physical and Numerical Aspects (Google eBook)This book provides an introductorylevel exploration of geophysical fluid dynamics (GFD), the principles governing air and water flows on large terrestrial scales. Physical principles are illustrated with the aid of the simplest existing models, and the computer methods are shown in juxtaposition with the equations to which they apply. It explores contemporary topics of climate dynamics and equatorial dynamics, including the Greenhouse Effect, global warming, and the El Nino Southern Oscillation.

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Contents
Part II Rotation Effects  203 
Part III Stratification Effects  345 
Part IV Combined Rotation and Stratification Effects  471 
Part V Special Topics  625 
Part VI Web site Information  761 
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Common terms and phrases
advection amplitude approximation atmosphere baroclinic baroclinic instability barotropic bottom boundary conditions calculate coefﬁcients conservation constant continuity equation convection convergence coordinate Coriolis force Coriolis parameter deﬁned deﬁnition density depth derivative diffusion discretization dispersion relation displacement domain earth’s Ekman Ekman layer error ﬁeld FIGURE ﬁnd ﬁnite ﬁrst ﬁxed ﬂow Fluid Dynamics ﬂuid parcels ﬂux forecast frequency function geophysical ﬂuid Geophysical Fluid Dynamics geostrophic governing equations gradient grid points horizontal initial conditions instability integration internal waves Kelvin wave layer length scale linear matrix meridional method mode motions nonlinear Numerical Exercise obtain ocean oscillations parameter particle perturbation physical planetary planetary waves potential energy potential vorticity pressure proﬁle propagation pycnocline radius rotation scheme Section shear simulation solution spatial speed stability stratiﬁcation streamfunction sufﬁciently surface temperature thermocline tion turbulent upwelling values variables vector vertical velocity vortex wavelength wavenumber waves wind zero zonal