Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Francisco J. Ayala, Robert Arp
John Wiley & Sons, Nov 19, 2009 - Science - 440 pages
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This collection of specially commissioned essays puts top scholars head to head to debate the central issues in the lively and fast growing field of philosophy of biology
  • Brings together original essays on ten of the most hotly debated questions in philosophy of biology
  • Lively head-to-head debate format sharply defines the issues and paves the way for further discussion
  • Includes coverage of the new and vital area of evolutionary developmental biology, as well as the concept of a unified species, the role of genes in selection, the differences between micro- and macro-evolution, and much more
  • Each section features an introduction to the topic as well as suggestions for further reading
  • Offers an accessible overview of this fast-growing and dynamic field, whilst also capturing the imagination of professional philosophers and biologists
  

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Contents

PART I IS IT POSSIBLE TOREDUCE BIOLOGICALEXPLANATIONS TOEXPLANATIONS INCHEMISTRY ANDORPHYSICS?
13
References and Further Reading
15
CHAPTER ONE It Is Possible to Reduce Biological Explanations to Explanations in Chemistry andor Physics
19
CHAPTER TWO It Is Not Possible to Reduce Biological Explanations to Explanations in Chemistry andor Physics
32
PART II HAVE TRAITS EVOLVED TO FUNCTION THE WAY THEY DO BECAUSE OF A PAST ADVANTAGE?
49
References and Further Reading
51
CHAPTER THREE Traits Have Evolved to Function the Way They Do Because of a Past Advantage
53
CHAPTER FOUR Traits Have Not Evolved to Function the Way They Do Because of a Past Advantage
72
References and Further Reading
197
CHAPTER ELEVEN Evolutionary Developmental Biology Offers a Significant Challenge to the NeoDarwinian Paradigm
199
CHAPTER TWELVE Evolutionary Developmental Biology Does Not Offer a Significant Challenge to the NeoDarwinian Paradigm
213
PART VII WERE THE BASIC COMPONENTS OF THE HUMAN MIND SOLIDIFIED DURING THE PLEISTOCENE EPOCH?
227
References and Further Reading
228
CHAPTER THIRTEEN The Basic Components of the Human Mind Were Solidified During the Pleistocene Epoch
231
CHAPTER FOURTEEN The Basic Components of the Human Mind Were Not Solidified During the Pleistocene Epoch
243
PART VIII DOES MEMETICS PROVIDE A USEFUL WAY OF UNDERSTANDING CULTURAL EVOLUTION?
253

PART III ARE SPECIES REAL?
87
References and Further Reading
88
CHAPTER FIVE Species Are Real Biological Entities
91
CHAPTER SIX Species Are Not Uniquely Real Biological Entities
110
PART IV DOES SELECTION OPERATE PRIMARILY ON GENES?
123
References and Further Reading
125
CHAPTER SEVEN Selection Does Operate Primarily on Genes In Defense of the Gene as the Unit of Selection
127
CHAPTER EIGHT Selection Does Not Operate Primarily on Genes
141
PART V ARE MICROEVOLUTION AND MACROEVOLUTION GOVERNED BY THE SAME PROCESSES?
165
References and Further Reading
166
CHAPTER NINE Microevolution and Macroevolution are Governed by the Same Processes
169
CHAPTER TEN Microevolution and Macroevolution Are Not Governed by the Same Processes
180
PART VI DOES EVOLUTIONARY DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY OFFER A SIGNIFICANT CHALLENGE TO THE NEODARWINIAN PARADI...
195
References and Further Reading
254
CHAPTER FIFTEEN Memetics Does Provide a Useful Way of Understanding Cultural Evolution
255
CHAPTER SIXTEEN Memetics Does Not Provide a Useful Way of Understanding Cultural Evolution
273
PART IX CAN THE BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES ACT AS A GROUND FOR ETHICS?
293
References and Further Reading
295
CHAPTER SEVENTEEN The Biological Sciences Can Act as a Ground for Ethics
297
CHAPTER EIGHTEEN What the Biological Sciences Can and Cannot Contribute to Ethics
316
PART X IS THERE A PLACE FOR INTELLIGENT DESIGN IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF BIOLOGY?
337
References and Further Reading
340
CHAPTER NINETEEN There Is a Place for Intelligent Design in the Philosophy of Biology Intelligent Design in Philosophy of Biology Some Legiti...
343
CHAPTER TWENTY There Is No Place for Intelligent Design in the Philosophy of Biology Intelligent Design Is Not Science
364
Index
391
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About the author (2009)

Francisco J. Ayala is Donald Bren Professor of Biological Sciences at the University of California, Irvine, USA. He is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society. In 2001, he received the National Medal of Science. Ayala has published more than 950 articles and is the author or editor of 31 books. He has been named the Renaissance Man of Evolutionary Biology by The New York Times.

Robert Arp is an analyst at The Analysis Group, LLC who has interests in philosophy of biology and ontology in the informatics sense. He is the author of Scenario Visualization: An Evolutionary Account of Creative Problem Solving (2008), and co-editor of Philosophy of Biology: An Anthology (Blackwell, 2009).

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