Migrant Trafficking and Human Smuggling in Europe: A Review of the Evidence with Case Studies from Hungary, Poland and Ukraine
International Organization for Migration, 2000 - Social Science - 416 pages
Trafficking in migrants has become a global problem that affects a complex matrix of origin, transit and destination countries, their international relations, security, economies.
This publication, based on systematic research and analysis, is presented in two main parts: a systematic review of existing literature on migrant trafficking in Europe and three case studies on trafficking and people smuggling concerning Hungary, Poland and Ukraine. Part 1 includes discussion of the concepts of "trafficking" and "smuggling", the availability of data on the scale of trafficking, trafficking routes, characteristics of trafficked migrants and how trafficking is organized. The three case studies in Part II are based on extensive interviews with migrants and representatives of the main national agencies for combating migrant trafficking and people smuggling.
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