Magnetohydrodynamic Electrical Power Generation
Magnetohydrodynamic Electrical Power Generation Hugo K. Messerle University of Sydney, Australia The global demand for energy continues to grow. Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) conversion processes offer a highly efficient, clean and direct conversion of energy for power generation and propulsion. By converting the kinetic energy of a flowing fluid into electricity directly, MHD systems help address the problems of environmental pollution. At the same time MHD is particularly suitable for primary energy sources or fuels providing energy at temperatures extending far beyond those manageable by any conventional thermal conversion plant. It therefore offers a potentially more effective utilisation of fossil and nuclear fuels. The author covers all aspects of MHD power generation, including the design and operation of MHD conversion systems in practice. Features include:
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achieved angle Answer approximately arc spots argon assuming becomes bottoming plant boundary layers Brayton cycle caesium Carnot cycle cathode closed cycle MHD coal coal-fired collision cross section combined cycle combustion considered consolidation conversion cost current density cycle efficiency Debye length disk drop duct electrical conductivity electrical efficiency electrical power electrode pairs energy enthalpy enthalpy extraction equation Faraday fluid fossil-fuel-fired fuel gas turbine Hall current Hall effect Hall factor Hall parameter Hall voltage heat exchanger helium Hence high temperature increases involved ionisation level Joule heating kJ kg leads linear load factor losses Mach number magnetic field MHD channel MHD plant MHD process MHD/steam noble gas open circuit voltage open cycle operating particles plasma power output power system pressure ratio pulsed power radial reactors reduced relations retrofit SELF-ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS short circuit shown in figure slag steam plant thermal transfer vector diagram voltage gradient WMHD