Civic Service: What Difference Does it Make? (Google eBook)

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M.E. Sharpe, 2004 - History - 226 pages
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The concept and practice of civic service is deeply rooted in America's past, present, and future, and has been a featured component of recent presidential agendas. Yet despite ongoing debates about the methods and values of civic service, no recent book has systematically analyzed the effectiveness and outcomes of service programs in America. Civic Service: What Difference Does It Make? presents a thorough, research-based evaluation of public service programs in the United States. Divided into four key parts, this groundbreaking volume presents original information not found anywhere else. Selected Contents: Part 1. Ideological and Historical Context1. The Ideal2. Policy EvolutionPart 2. Evidence and Methods3. The Nature of the Evidence4. Methodology: Defining Civic ServicePart 3. Research Synthesis Findings5. Civic Service Outcomes6. Qualities of Successful ProgramsPart 4. Summing Up and Taking Stock7. Drawing Conclusions about Civic Service8. Policy Implications: The Evolution of Civic Services ObjectivesAppendices
  

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Contents

The Ideal
3
Policy Evolution
9
Civilian Conservation Corps
10
Fighting Poverty
11
Conservation and Youth Corps
13
Service as a ProblemSolving Strategy
16
Generalizations About the Evolution of Service in America
18
Conclusion
20
Volunteer Leveraging
86
Conclusion
88
Qualities of Successful Programs
90
Team or Crew Leaders
92
Relations Between Staff and Corps Members
93
Staff Motivation
94
Summary
95
Member Recruitment and Retention
97

Evidence and Methods
23
The Nature of the Evidence
25
Where We Have Been and Where We Are Going
26
Bricks and MortarThe Nature of the Evidence
28
Sources and Quality of Existing Evidence
29
Gauging Effectiveness of Service
30
Bricks and MortarAddressing Problems in the Evidence
32
Bricks and MortarMaking Use of What We Have
33
Conclusion
34
Methodology
35
Defining Civic Service
36
An Operational Definition of Civic Service
37
Drawing Inferences from Diverse Strands of Research
41
Data Collection Methods
42
Judging Research Quality
43
Bias
45
Civic Service Programs in the Synthesis
46
Research Synthesis Findings
51
Civic Service Outcomes
53
Civic Responsibility
58
Educational Opportunity
61
SelfEsteem
62
Tolerance for Diversity
63
Satisfaction from Serving
66
Health
67
Beneficiary Outcomes
69
Indirect Beneficiaries
73
Institution Outcomes
74
Service Expansion
75
Service Quality
76
Institution Creation
77
Community Impacts
80
Community Strengthening
81
BenefitCost Ratios
82
Retaining Members
99
Summary
100
Fiscal Management
101
Funding Strategies
103
Financial Sustainability
104
Sponsoring Agency
105
Leadership
108
Program Visibility
109
Administrative Burdens
112
Conclusion
113
Summing Up and Taking Stock
115
Drawing Conclusions About Civic Service
117
Generalizations About Civic Service and Its Outcomes
118
Individual Mediating Characteristics and Outcomes
122
Service Goals and Outcomes
127
Individual Mediating Characteristics and Implementation
128
Research Needs
131
Underdeveloped Research About Implementation Outcomes and Programs
132
Concept Definition and Measurement
133
Other Research Needs
135
Policy Implications
137
Tradeoffs Between Accomplishment and Innovation
139
Taking Civic Service to Scale
140
Concluding Observations
143
Appendices
147
Searching the Literature
149
Civic Service Synthesis Coding Protocol
153
Civic Service Programs Included in the Synthesis
167
Notes
175
Name Index
207
Subject Index
209
About the Authors
227
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Ann Marie Thomson is adjunct assistant professor in the School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University. James L. Perry is associate dean and chancellor's professor in the School of Public and Environmental Affairs (SPEA) at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis.

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