Athletics in the Ancient World
The athletic competitions that took place during festivals like that at Olympia, or within the confines of city gymnasia, were a key feature of life in ancient Greece. From the commemoration of victorious athletes in poetry or sculpture to the archaeological remains of baths, gymnasia and stadia, surviving evidence offers plentiful testimony to the importance of athletic activity in Greek culture, and its survival well into the Roman period. This book offers an introduction to the many forms that athletics took in the ancient world, and to the sources of evidence by which we can study it. As well as looking at the role of athletics in archaic and classical Greece, it also covers the less-explored periods of the Hellenistic and Roman worlds. The many different aspects of athletics will also be considered - not only the well-known contests of athletic festivals such as the Olympic Games, but also the place of athletic training within civic education and military training, and its integration into the bathing culture of the Roman world.
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List of Figures and Sources
Notes on Spelling and Abbreviations
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ancient athletics Ancient Greece ancient Olympic ancient Olympic Games ancient world archaeological evidence Archaic areas Arete Asia Minor Athenian Athens athletic activity athletic contests athletic festivals athletic victors Bacchylides bath complexes chariot race civic Classical commemorate compete crown culture decoration dedications Delphi discus Diskobolos elite emperor ephebes exercise naked famous fifth century BC fourth century Greek athletics Greek cities Greek identity Greek world gymnasia gymnasium Gymnastikos Hellenistic period heroes Homer honour important included inscriptions instituted Isthmia Isthmia and Nemea Kroton later modern Olympic Museum Nemea nudity Odysseus Odyssey Oibotas Oinomaos Olympia Olympic Games Olympic victors origins palaestra Panathenaia pancration Panhellenic festivals Panhellenic games particular Pausanias Pelops Philostratos Photo Pindar Polykleitos praise prizes Pythian Pythian Games record Roman Empire Roman period Rome sanctuary second century Spartan stadium statues Temple of Zeus Theagenes third century trainer vases victorious athletes victory ode warfare wrestling youths