Borderlands: comparing border security in North America and Europe
Border security has been high on public-policy agendas in Europe and North America since the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Centre in New York City and on the headquarters of the American military in Washington DC. Governments are now confronted with managing secure borders, a policy objective that in this era of increased free trade and globalization must compete with intense cross-border flows of people and goods. Border-security policies must enable security personnel to identify, or filter out, dangerous individuals and substances from among the millions of travelers and tons of goods that cross borders daily, particularly in large cross-border urban regions. This book addresses this gap between security needs and an understanding of borders and borderlands. Specifically, the chapters in this volume ask policy-makers to recognize that two fundamental elements define borders and borderlands: first, human activities(the agency and agent power of individual ties and forces spanning a border), and second, the broader social processesthat frame individual action, such as market forces, government activities (law, regulations, and policies), and the regional culture and politics of a borderland. Borders emerge as the historically and geographically variable expression of human ties exercised within social structures of varying force and influence, and it is the interplay and interdependence between people's incentives to act and the surrounding structures (i.e. constructed social processes that contain and constrain individual action) that determine the effectiveness of border security policies. This book argues that the nature of borders is to be porous, which is a problem for security policy makers. It shows that when for economic, cultural, or political reasons human activities increase across a border and borderland, governments need to increase cooperation and collaboration with regard to security policies, if only to avoid implementing mismatched security policies.
29 pages matching European Union in this book
Results 1-3 of 29
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Whose Security? Dilemmas of US Border
Border Acrobatics between the European
9 other sections not shown
activities agency agenda American anti-terrorism Arctic Council Arizona bazaars border communities border crossings Border Patrol border region border security border-security policies borderland communities borders and borderlands Brunet-Jailly Canada Canadian Central America Ceuta Ceuta and Melilla Chiapas circumpolar circumpolar North clothing context cooperation countries criminal culture Department of Homeland drug economic enclaves environmental EU's Europe European Commission European Union EZLN federal frontier geopolitical global Guatemala Heininen Homeland Security human security illegal immigration illegal migrants impact implementation important increased initiatives integration Juarez Lodz region market forces Melilla Mexican Mexico military million Morocco NAFTA national security networks North America northern dimension Office organizations Paso percent Poland political clout Schengen Agreement security policy September 11 shoppers smart border smuggling social southern border strategy structure structure and agency Tapachula territory terrorism terrorists Texas threats trafficking transnational Tuszyn United US-Mexico border visa VISIT program