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abrogation alba anatomical animals appear Arch brain callosal callosal gyre callosum cavity cells central organ centres cephalon cerebellar cerebellum cerebral cortex cerebral hemispheres cerebrum chemical cinerea complex conduction paths conduction-paths connexion consciousness contraction cornu cortical course decussation dendrites diencephalon direction disgregation dorsal dorsal columns effects elements excitation excitatory experiments external fact faculty fibres fornix frontal functions ganglia ganglion grey gyre hemispheres hippocampal idea inhibition inhibitory lateral stria lobe localisation longitudinal mammals mechanical mediated mental mesencephalon molecular motor movements muscle muscular myel myelinic nerve nerve-cells nerve-fibres nervous system neurite neurone nidi oblongata observed occipital occipital lobe olfactory optic origin paracele peripheral phenomena Physiol physiological pons portion posterior principal processes prosencephalon psychical psychology pyramidal pyramidal cells quadrigemina reflex regard region relations result sensations sense sensory side stimulation structure surface Sylvian aqueduct Sylvian fissure termed terminal thalami tion transverse ventral columns vertebrates visual
Page 5 - We may add that, fortunately for the science, there are other sources of objective psychological knowledge, which become accessible at the very point where the experimental method fails us. These are certain products of the common mental life, in which we may trace the operation of determinate psychical motives; chief among them are language, myth and custom. In part determined by historical conditions, they are also, in part, dependent upon universal psychological laws; and the phenomena that are...
Page 4 - There are thus two problems which are suggested by the title "physiological psychology": the problem of method, which involves the application of experiment, and the problem of a psychophysical supplement, which involves a knowledge of the bodily substrates of the mental life. For psychology itself, the former is the more essential; the second is of importance mainly for the philosophical question of the unitariness of vital processes at large. As an experimental science, physiological psychology...
Page 4 - ... experimental science, physiological psychology seeks to accomplish a reform in psychological investigation comparable with the revolution brought about in the natural sciences by the introduction of the experimental method. From one point of view, indeed, the change wrought is still more radical : for while in natural science it is possible, under favourable conditions, to make an accurate observation without recourse to experiment, there is no such possibility in psychology. It is only with...
Page 3 - exact science of the functional relations or relations of dependency between body and mind." It would not be fair to say that the book burst upon a sleeping world. Fechner was not popular. Nanna, Zend-Avesta and similar writings had caused the scientists to look askance at him, and he was never accepted as a philosopher. No one suspected at the time what importance the book would come to have.
Page 276 - The cerebellum appears to be intended for the direct regulation of voluntary movements by sense impressions. If this hypothesis be correct, it will, accordingly, be the central organ in which the bodily movements incited from the cerebrum are brought into harmony with the position of the animal body in space.
Page 2 - Psychology," p. 10 (Eng. trans.). 4 Philos. Studien, I., p. 4. of connection peculiar to them. It is not a province of physiology; nor does it attempt, as has been mistakenly asserted, to derive or explain the phenomena of the psychical from those of the physical life. We may read this meaning into the phrase "physiological psychology...
Page 2 - We may read this meaning into the phrase ' physiological psychology,' just as we might interpret the title ' microscopical anatomy' to mean a discussion, with illustrations from anatomy, of what has been accomplished by the microscope; but the words should be no more misleading in the one case than they are in the other. As employed in the present work, the adjective ' physiological' implies simply that our psychology will avail itself to the full of the means that modern physiology puts at its disposal...
Page 3 - ... will avail itself to the full of the means that modern physiology puts at its disposal for the analysis of conscious processes. It will do this in two ways. (1) Psychological inquiries have, up to the most recent times, been undertaken solely in the interest of philosophy; physiology was enabled, by the character of its problems, to advance more quickly towards the application of exact experimental methods. Since, however, the experimental modification of the processes of life, as practised by...
Page v - THE work which I here present to the public is an attempt to mark out a new domain of science. I am well aware that the question may be raised, whether the time is yet ripe for such an undertaking. The new discipline rests upon anatomical and physiological foundations which, in certain respects, are themselves very far from solid ; while the experimental treatment of psychological problems must be pronounced, from every point of view, to be still in its first beginnings. At the same time the best...
Page 5 - The endeavor to observe oneself must inevitably introduce changes into the course of mental events — changes which could not have occurred without it, and whose usual consequence is that the very process which was to have been observed disappears from consciousness.