Toxoplasmosis of Animals and Humans, Second Edition (Google eBook)

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CRC Press, Nov 11, 2009 - Science - 336 pages
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Found worldwide from Alaska to Australasia, Toxoplasma gondii knows no geographic boundaries. The protozoan is the source of one of the most common parasitic infections in humans, livestock, companion animals, and wildlife, and has gained notoriety with its inclusion on the list of potential bioterrorism microbes. In the two decades since the publication of the first edition of Toxoplasmosis of Animals and Humans there has been an explosion of knowledge concerning T. gondii and toxoplasmosis. Still used extensively as a cell model, its genome has recently been published making it a subject of even greater scientific interest. Keeping the organizational style that made the previous edition so popular and usable, this second edition has been completely revised and updated.

New in the Second Edition:

  • Expanded information on the cultivation, maintenance, and preservation of T. gondii
  • Expanded information on the cell biology and molecular biology of the parasite
  • Reviews all literature from the past 20 years for each domestic animal
  • Summarizes information on the worldwide prevalence of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women and the devastating disease it can cause in newborn

Written by one of the pioneers of the field, the book provides unique information on all known host types for this parasite. It distills the voluminous and potentially confusing scientific literature that has grown geometrically in the 20 years since the publication of the first edition into a comprehensive resource. The single author approach ensures a strong foundation in the biology and a seamless integration of topics.

The new edition of this groundbreaking work is the only volume to cover toxoplasmosis of animals and humans thoroughly in one source. It supplies an entry point to further research by cutting through the morass of literature to identify the most relevant references.

  

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Contents

General Biology
1
121 Tachyzoite
5
122 Bradyzoites and Tissue Cysts
13
123 Life Cycle in the Definitive host the Cat
17
1231 BradyzoiteInduced Cycle in the Cat
18
1232 OocystInduced Cycle in the Cat
25
1233 TachyzoiteInduced Cycle in the Cat
26
124 Life Cycle in the Intermediate Hosts Including Humans and Cats
29
44 PATHOGENESIS
135
45 REDUCING LOSSES IN SHEEP DUE TO TOXOPLASMOSIS THROUGH PROPHYLAXIS
136
Toxoplasmosis in Goats Capra hircus
137
513 Clinical Infections
142
52 PATHOGENESIS AND EXPERIMENTAL INFECTIONS
143
522 Recent post1988 Studies
144
Toxoplasmosis in Pigs Sus scrofa
145
6112 Serological Tests Comparison on Sera from Naturally Infected Pigs
150

13 MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
30
14 TRANSMISSION
33
1412 Shedding of Oocysts by Naturally Infected Domestic Cats
36
1413 Repeat Shedding of Oocysts
38
1414 Shedding of Oocysts by Naturally Infected Wild Felids
39
1415 Dispersal of Oocysts in the Environment
40
1417 Detection of Oocysts in Environmental Samples
41
142 Transmission by Tissue Cysts
43
143 Transmission by Tachyzoites
45
15 EPIDEMOLOGY
46
16 HOSTPARASITE RELATIONSHIPS
47
17 DIAGNOSIS
52
18 PROTECTIVE IMMUNITY AND VACCINATION
53
19 TREATMENT
54
111 TECHNIQUES
55
11112 Tissue Cysts
56
11113 Oocysts
57
1112 Isolation of T gondii
60
11122 Bioassays of T gondii in Cats
61
1113 Inoculation and Examination of Mice for T gondii
63
1114 Serologic Procedures
64
11142 Avidity Tests
68
1116 Immunohistochemical Staining
69
1117 Cryopreservation
70
112 SAFETY CONCERNS AND PRECAUTIONS WHILE WORKING WITH T GONDII
71
Toxoplasmosis in Humans Homo sapiens
73
22 CLINICAL INFECTIONS
77
222 Secondary Prenatally Transmitted Congenital Toxoplasmosis
82
23 DIAGNOSIS
88
234 In the Pregnant Woman
89
235 In the Fetus
90
25 PREVENTION
91
252 Prophylactic Treatment during Pregnancy
92
ACKNOWLEDGMENT
93
Toxoplasmosis in Domestic Cats and Other Felids
95
3112 Prevalence of Viable T gondii in Tissues of Cats
102
312 Experimental Infections
107
32 OTHER FELIDS
108
323 Clinical Toxoplasmosis
117
Toxoplasmosis in Sheep Ovis aries
119
412 Comparison of Different Serological Tests for Detecting T gondii Antibodies in Latently Infected Sheep
125
413 Isolation and Genetic Characterization of T gondii from Tissues of Naturally Exposed Sheep
126
414 Abortion and Lamb Losses Due to Toxoplasmosis
127
415 Subclinical Congenital Transmission
129
42 EXPERIMENTAL INFECTIONS
130
422 Immunological Responses
132
43 DIAGNOSIS OF T GONDIIINDUCED ABORTION
133
6121 Genotyping of T gondii Isolates from Pigs
152
613 Clinical Toxoplasmosis
153
614 Risk Assessment
154
62 EXPERIMENTAL INFECTIONS IN DOMESTIC PIGS
156
6222 Protective Immunity
157
624 Congenital Toxoplasmosis
158
63 TOXOPLASMOSIS IN WILD PIGS
159
Toxoplasmosis in Dogs Canis familiaris
161
7132 Diagnosis
166
72 EXPERIMENTAL INFECTIONS
167
Toxoplasmosis in Cattle Bos taurus
169
813 Clinical Infections
173
82 EXPERIMENTAL INFECTIONS
174
Toxoplasmosis in Water Buffalo Bubalus bubalis
175
Toxoplasmosis in Horses Equus caballus
177
Toxoplasmosis in Camels Camelus dromedarius
179
Toxoplasmosis in Chickens and other Avian Species
181
1212 Experimental Infections
185
122 TOXOPLASMOSIS IN OTHER AVIAN SPECIES
187
1222 Experimental Infections
199
Toxoplasmosis in NonHuman Primates
201
132 EXPERIMENTAL INFECTIONS
203
Toxoplasmosis in Australasian Marsupials
205
14213 Clinical Infections
206
14214 Serologic Diagnosis
208
14215 Epidemiology
209
143 OTHER MARSUPIALS
210
Toxoplasmosis in Marine Mammals
211
154 CLINICAL TOXOPLASMOSIS
213
155 EXPERIMENTAL INFECTIONS
216
Toxoplasmosis in Wild Canids
217
1613 Experimental Infections
221
Toxoplasmosis in Deer and Bears
223
17213 Genetic Characteristics of T gondii from WTD
225
173 BEARS
226
Toxoplasmosis in Rodents and Small Mammals
227
1812 Capybaras Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris
230
1822 Isolation of Viable T gondii
231
183 SQUIRRELS
232
184 VOLES
233
Toxoplasmosis in Miscellaneous Animals
235
1933 Nilgais Boselaphus tragocamelus
237
195 MUSKOX OVIBOS MOSCHATUS
238
196 WILD PIGS
239
References
241
Index
305
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